One out of every five young people neir studied nor worked in Spain
Spain has one of rates of enrolment in FP lower: 12% compared with 26% of average of industrialized countries
The 35% of young people between 25 and 34 years living in Spain has not been able to finish Baccalaureate or its VET equivalent. The percentage is one of highest in OECD and doubles average (16%) of countries analyzed by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The international body we strip ears in her latest education report, especially because we have not improved and rate remains stagnant from a decade ago.
Yes, we have set batteries, to change, to reduce early school-leavers, an indicator that refers to young people who, although y have satisfactorily completed THIS, do not continue to study after. This rate remains very high (19%), but in last few years, especially because of shutdown, re are more guys than before are incorporated into high school, vocational education or or similar training. The problem is that you do not finish what y have started and three out of every 10 may not prove to be in possession of an essential title for access to any employment. Before hanging books to 16 y do now at 17 or 18 years.
The OECD has released this Tuesday his major study annual Education at a glance. Are close to half a thousand pages with all kinds of statistics on state of classrooms during 2016 in its 35 member countries, plus a handful of associated states. Spain stands out for low skills that characterize a good part of ir young people. The pie education is split between 24% that has a degree of Bachillerato or FP of Average Degree, 41% is in possession of a university degree or VET Higher Grade, and 35%, as much, has achieved title of THIS, or of FP of Degree Basic.
Marc Fuster Rabella, an analyst of Directorate of Education and Skills of OECD , explains to THE WORLD that "numbers are worrisome, because Spain is far away of countries of our environment as Greece (15%), Italy (26%) or Portugal (31%)". Colombia and Argentina are even better than us.
"But it is important to emphasize," adds Fuster Rabella, "that re has been a remarkable improvement if we compare se data, which are for population 25 to 34 years, with group of 55 to 64". In particular, re is a difference between both generations of 23 percentage points. "Because of Spain, we must not forget that education system has had a development and universalization quite late," he says.
This is educational level of adults between 25 and 64 years of age: only 41% has THAT, while a 36% up to tertiary studies. Of m, 11% has a diploma, 10% has a bachelor's degree or its equivalent, 14% is master level, and only 1% doctor.
Fuster Rabella insists on mantra of OECD: higher level of education, more job prospects. In particular, employment rate of young people with university studies or equivalent is 76%, compared to 68% of those with degrees of Bachelor or similar, and with 60% for those who have not supplemented this educational stage.
greater access to education also affects salary: you went to university earn a 53% that y were at institute. Those with a lower educational level -that is to say, those that stayed with only title of THAT - y have a disadvantage, wage of 29%.
What is worrying is that percentage of young people who are not able to take Baccalaureate have not changed since 10 years ago, while or countries have striven to reduce ir levels when y were high. In 2000 thing was really bad, but improved a little in 2005. Since n, everything is stalled. Why has this happened? What can we do to change?
Fuster Rabella points directly to low proportion of young people enrolled in VET (12% compared with 26% for OECD), despite fact that this mode of teaching has greater employability. Spain has one of rates of enrolment in FP lowest of countries analyzed. The FP dual, which combines studies and work from first day, does not reach 1% in our country, compared to 17% on average.
The analyst cites " possible existence of social stigmatization of FP", as well as high rates of early school leaving or "factors related to m, such as compulsory age of schooling or degree of repetition of course, comparatively high in our country."
Not mentioned, although one can infer, boom of skilled labour of last decade, which led to hundreds of thousands of teenagers leave ir studies to lay bricks or serve drinks. The crisis came, gone are chollos and many of se guys went back to institute. Or, already forewarned, y decided that, given that y were not going to find a job, it was best to continue studying. But figures from OECD are very valuable because y indicate that se young people have not worked a lot in class. Enrolled were. But y did not want to take title.
And here is where thing connects with famous ninis, who both blur statistics that speak of economic recovery in Spain. It is true that we are no longer country with highest percentage of young people who neir study nor work, as was case a couple of years ago, but rate for 2016 was of 23%, if we take into account young people between 18 and 24 years old, and 21,7%, if we extend group to those between 15 and 29 years old. Are still very high figures, higher than those of a decade ago. We find ourselves at height of Mexico (21.8%) and exceeded only by Greece (23,5%), Italy (26%) and Turkey (28,2%).The engineering disciplines become fashionable
The report brings good news for those who have spent years defending importance of careers of Science, Technology, Engineering and Math calls STEM. The 30% that studied higher studies in Spain did so in some of se areas. It is one of highest percentages among OECD countries ( average is 25%) and stress, especially in doctoral programmes: 50% are of this branch, compared to 43% of average of set of participants in study.
But what was not said that, in Spain, all world flees from STEM? "The data show some change when we look at students who graduated and those who chose career recently, in 2015," explains analyst of OECD Marc Fuster Rabella. "For first, percentage of students in STEM was 26%, which, despite being a higher number than average is already noticeably lower than that observed in relation to set of individuals aged between 25 and 64 years. In relation to individuals who have access now to higher education, we can already observe that average is higher".
Within territory of STEM, students choose in first place engineering, manufacturing and construction, sectors in which women are only represented in a 24%, something which also occurs in or countries. The proportion of women in studies of technologies of information and communication technology (ICT) was only 12%, below 19% average.
however, as it occurs in foreign women have a disproportionate presence in careers related to education sector (Spain, 79%; OECD, 78%) as well as in health and wellness (Spain, 72%; OECD, 75%).
studies STEM y are still in demand, Business Science, Administration and Right (27%), and also in a percentage higher than OECD. Where re are more chances of finding job opportunities? The best what are ICT graduates (84% of employment), followed by engineers (86%) and those from Social and Legal Sciences (80%).
Worse are graduates in education (77% compared to 83% in OECD), as well as Arts and Humanities, Social Sciences, Journalism and Communication (77% vs. 81%).