In EU, higher graduates with sobrecualificación are 23%
The productive structure does not generate sufficient occupations high qualification, according to report
The scenario work for university in Spain is facing a paradox: ir unemployment levels are lower compared to those with studies below, but y have to face phenomenon of sobrecualificación. In year 2016, 36.8% of students who were working were doing so in positions that require a learning less, compared to 23% that was recorded in countries of EU, according to Report of Foundation Knowledge and Development (CYD) presented this Tuesday on contribution of Spanish universities to development.
This trend was enhanced during past year, when 34.4% of contracts made to college graduates were to play "tasks of low qualification". Are seven tenths more compared to data of 2015 and something more than four points if it is taken as a reference 2010. The report also points out that 8.8% of contracts signed by people with higher education were to play in elementary occupations, for which you would not require any type of study.
For sexes, sobrecualificación it affects more men than women. In case of males, 35.1% of contracts signed in 2016 for university was to perform tasks of low qualification, whereas in graduates data decreases to 33.9 per cent. If we look at work of very low qualifications that do not require any study gap is higher: 12.1% compared to 8.8% of m. "It is not a topic that you have to assign him to university exclusively, but that is market demand or not qualified," he assured Marti Parellada, general coordinator of study.
The document precisely highlights that level of sobrecualificación Spanish is "relatively high", and criticises " structure of production does not generate sufficient occupations of high qualification in comparison with EU countries", a problem compounded by volume of college, where Spain is among major european countries".Increased funding and greater autonomy
The University needs to "crucial" a greater allocation of resources to cut distance accentuated during crisis compared to developed countries. So what has been claimed Parellada during presentation of report. According to most recent data, which correspond to year 2013, spending on higher education per student in Spain was a 20% lower than OECD average. If we take as a reference investment on basis of GDP, statistic is similar: 18% lower in our country.
With se data, Foundation CYD stresses that government "should prioritize spending on higher education and, in particular, to public spending to reach OECD average". Parellada, however, has recognized that it is not a policy "easy" in a moment in which Spain continues with an "excessive deficit" and, from EU, you are prompted to reduce it. Despite this, he argues that increase in public spending is "essential" to improve situation of university and its international competitiveness.
Along with this, Parellada has stressed need to undertake a reform of university system in a complementary manner to budgetary allocation. In this sense, it requested that grant greater autonomy to campuses so that "ir bodies have an increased ability in taking decisions" and can "set objectives" to link m as well with a "increased accountability" that links funding to results.Prominence of private colleges and universities
on or hand, private universities continue growth observed since last decade. In course 2015/2016, number of pupils enrolled in se centres was 13.5% of total in teaching degree and 32.5% of master's degree. These data mean that, although model public university continues to be majority, ir relative weight has been assigned.
The report also notes that re are two rhythms differentiated in terms of faculty (POI) of Spanish universities. In case of public increased by 2.4% over course 2015-2016 2.4%; in private, was up 7.3%.
Despite this, R & D continued to be carried out mainly in public universities (91,1%) to far from private sector (5,9%).