The acquisition of S-400 russians, announced by Erdogan, is concerned about its NATO partners. Its relationship with U.S. and Germany has deteriorated in recent years
The relationships between presidents Erdogan and Putin resemble at times romance of television soap operas Turkish. A little over a year that Governments that head put an end to this serious crisis, bilateral, arising from shooting down of a hunting Russian on Turkish-syria-and that during six months it seemed that he was going to bring m to direct confrontation, because y were serious allegations from one capital to anor (Russia even adopted sanctions against Turkey, in some sectors, y have not yet risen completely). But that story and those disagreements are already buried in oblivion, as if y never happened, and Turkish leaders have been thrown into arms of ir peers russians with renewed passion.
This Tuesday, to confirm this strategic relationship, president Recep Tayyip Erdogan, said he has already been given a foretaste of purchase of missile system, Russian S-400, which is incompatible with technology of NATO. It promises to increase tensions with Atlantic Alliance, to which Ankara belongs, from 1952 but whose members -especially united States and Germany - relations have deteriorated in recent years to such an extent that several countries have frozen sales of arms to Turkey.
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“Our friends have signed S-400. As far as I know, is already paid a deposit. The process will continue with granting of credit is Russian. Both mr. Putin and I are determined on this issue,” said agent Turkish journalists returning with him from an official visit to Kazakhstan. It is a system of anti-aircraft protection of last generation: ir missiles can shoot down aircraft and ballistic missiles are not strategic to a distance of up to 400 kilometers and at an altitude of 27,000 meters. In a furr confirmation that acquisition is on track, advisor of Putin in technical cooperation and in military, Vladimir Kozhin, confirmed agreement and reported that it “is preparing everything to implement it".
Greece also has an anti-aircraft system Russian
Turkey justifies purchase of system in anor NATO partner, Greece, has also a Russian system, S-300 (previous version to S-400). But fact that Ans has this military technology has directly to do with Ankara: at end of 1990s, Government of Cyprus -in conflict with Turkey since this country invaded norrn third of island in 1974 to provide assistance to Turkish cypriot minority - announced deployment of two batteries of S-300. Cyprus is not a member of NATO -during Cold War are included on side of Non-Aligned - and refore re were no problems in acquisition of Russian missiles, but Turkey considered it an act of aggression and threatened to attack island. Finally we reached a compromise to calm waters and in 1998, Air Force of Greece was in charge of m and installed m on island of Crete, from where y do not have range to reach Turkish air space.
The announcement of Erdogan arrives next day, Germany has said publicly that he was going to leave in abeyance sale of arms to Turkey in protest of repression and as a way to increase pressure on ir Government, and to achieve release of a dozen of citizens germans detained by political issues. The Turkish minister of European Affairs, Ömer Çelik, said measure “weakens struggle of Turkey against terrorism and that means to make future of Europe more vulnerable”, to what chancellor Angela Merkel said later that restrictions will be made on a case-by-case basis.
“Give tanks, cannons and armored terrorist organizations and, in change, we can not guarantee that our needs even though we pay for m”, complained Tuesday Erdogan in reference to a number of acquisitions armaments turks have been blocked by Parliaments and Governments of some western countries in protest against violations of human rights in eurasian country.
The soap opera of missiles in Turkish dates back a half-decade ago, when Ankara, in process of modernization of its Armed Forces, launched a call for tender for purchase of one of se defensive systems. In 2013, Ankara has selected offer of chinese firm, CPMIEC on proposals of conglomerate, franco-Italian Eurosam and u.s. Rayheon-Lockheed Martin, but two years later had to backtrack before blisters that raised this issue among its NATO partners. “This time, however, are more serious. Then, relations of Turkey with its western partners were good, but now re are significant problems with united States,” says Emre Ersen, professor of International Relations at University of Marmara. Especially separates two countries, once strategic partners, support of Washington to militia of kurdish-syrian YPG in ir fight against Islamic State in Syria. The organization is twinned with kurdish armed group PKK, active in Turkey since 1984, Ankara and several of its western partners considered terrorist Erdogan demands that we apply same characterization to YPG and cease shipment of arms.
“The importance of purchase of this system missile Russian is that it is a message to US. Turkey feels impelled to join forces with Russia to prevent creation of a kurdish State in norrn Syria (where y fight YPG),” says analyst Ersen. In short, Ankara is seeking to force Washington -and also Europe - to make a decision: eir Turkey or kurds.
But re remain doubts about practical feasibility of Russian system. The Atlantic Alliance distributed systems and military codes among its members through programs of top secret that it is prohibited to install in systems produced by states that are not part of NATO. This means that Turkey could not coordinate ir missile system with early warning radar that share Alliance members.
If, in fact, comply with agreement as it says Erdogan, Ankara must pay 2,500 million dollars for two batteries of S-400 and, supposedly, Russia will collaborate in construction of two or facilities Turkish, although this point has not been confirmed by Rosobornoexport, state company Russian in charge of sale. The transfer of technology is a key demand of Turkey, which is engaged in making its Defence industry one of most cutting-edge of balloon (with mixed results). Or businesses from USA to Turkey was intended to buy military helicopters nor chinese company that wanted to acquire system of anti-missile have agreed to deliver to Ankara ir military knowledge. Nor does it seem that Russia is going to do it, even if it could reach some agreement in between. “When Moscow to deliver S-400 to Turkey, in 2020, you already have at your disposal new generation S-500 -explains Ersen-. So this sale is a show of power Russian world: it is able to even sell weapons to a NATO member”.