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1968, Antiauthoritarian Affirmation and radical changes

Fifty years ago, in different parts of the world, young people took the streets to change their lives

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1968, Antiauthoritarian Affirmation and radical changes

There will be all this year when it comes to remembering what happened fifty years ago, in 1968. On April 5, a guy shot in Memphis Martin Lur King, a reverend who preached pacifism and fought for rights of black people. In May, students put toger a tremendous mess in Paris. On 20 August Soviet tanks entered Czechoslovakia to liquidate outbreaks of rebellion that had sprouted in spring of Prague. In square of Tlatelolco, in Mexico City, government of Diaz Ordáz ordered a brutal repression that produced more than 200 dead among those who supported university mobilizations. There were also riots in Japan, Poland, Germany, Italy.

Quoted thus, at rapid, it does not seem that episodes that shook different parts of world had much in common. And yet y did share some traits. The protagonists were young people, who from n on became a political category and, incidentally, in a greedy segment to be exploited in consumer society. They defined ir radical rejection of any form of authority and a blatant zeal for personal affirmation: it is well to receive orders, y came to say, I will do whatever I want. Nothing better illustrates this attitude as commentary of a boy who picked up William Klein in his film about Parisian days: "If I want to eat a banana, I like it; If I don't want to eat, I'll throw it. There was also widespread rejection of Vietnam war. and an explosive mixture in which y gared rebellion that drank in sacred trinity of "sex, drugs and rock n ' Roll" with revolutionary challenges of those who pursued a new society to thread of leaders more diverse, of Trotsky and Mao to Che Guevara passing by Ho Chí Minh.

With so much that happened during that year, here and re, it is very tempting to elaborate most varied doctrines. That is why it is appropriate to read 1968. The birth of a New world, where Ramón González Ferriz reconstructs What happened n with a rigorously journalistic spirit: facts, what protagonists said, backdrop that marked n compass of reality, news that They collected newspapers, ideas that marked public debate.

It is curious to note, for example, that those young people who had gone out to fight for a less authoritarian world would buy in stalls installed spontaneously in Sorbonne "heaps of red Mao books for a twenty franc", just at very moment when Chinese leader made an exhibition of his brutal authority with massacres of Cultural revolution.

As for vertiginous changes, at University of Venice a group of young people hooted and threw everything to Pier Paolo Pasolini for having written a poem "about arrogance of middle class of movement of students", to thread of violent riots that were pro They were produced in Rome in March. The poet asked to argue with m. "At five o'clock in morning, re were already a hundred college students who were around m, pending all bad things that Pasolini was saying about m." Suddenly, y got excited and raised him on ir shoulders, and went out to walk him through Venice screaming "Viva Pasolini!".

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