The last 2 of July unions and employers signed new collective agreement of hotel industry in province of Malaga. It, in addition to workers ' rights of companies in sector in province, includes coverages for outsourced, i.e., employees of Multiservice enterprises to which tasks such as cleaning or ors are subcontracted. From its entry into force, as explained by José María Martínez, head of CC OO Servicios, main company must ensure that subcontractor applies working conditions of hospitality agreement. To guarantee this, this coverage will appear in commercial contract between hostel and subcontractor and if this failure, principal must respond jointly.
Malaga is one of last agreements signed and most coverage gives to workers of subcontractors, as explained this week José María Martínez, Secretary General of CC OO Services, in presentation of a report on employment in tourism sector. According to this union, of 50 catering agreements that exist in Spain, 23 (46%) already include coverage of this type, clauses that guarantee application of sectoral agreement (and not that of a company) in cases of outsourcing. Three of m, those of Valencia, Castellón and Teruel, include se clauses, but are defeated or pending renewal. In Valencia, it is precisely employer's claim to draw this antiexternalization clause which keeps negotiations stagnant.
The Cordoba was signed this Thursday and Martinez is confident that next week will sign one more, Lugo. Thus, will be 15 and initialled this year with such clauses, although not all are as complete as Malaga. "The minimum is to apply to worker of subcontracts salary of sectoral agreement. From re to Malaga, re are many in middle, "Martínez says. If we except three expired ones, agreements with antiexternalization clauses cover to 69.7% of 1.1 million of employees of hotel and lodging (76.4% with expired ones).Legal changes
UGT and CC OO have promoted this year to inclusion of antiexternalization clauses in conventions and hope that at end of tourist season are signed vast majority of 18 agreements pending to renew (13 provincial and five autonomous). And, as Martínez says, "The claim is not to sign any without that coverage." It would help to develop part of recently signed wage pact that calls for a "new regulation of decentralization processes" to avoid "deteriorating working conditions". Something that could be developed in law proposition that Socialist Group introduced into Congress almost two years ago and has not yet seen light.
Although this year has been moment when clauses have been given impetus, César Galiano, general secretary of UGT Hospitality and tourism sector, fight began in 2012, with approval of labor reform, which, by giving prevalence to business agreements on Secto Rials, opened a door to which, says Martínez, "many hotels were launched", to outsource tasks such as cleaning, maintenance and even reception or administration. The waitresses of hotels floor, Kellys, as y were called, were visible head of rebellion against precariousness of Multiservice companies, which, protected in very inferior agreements, paid much less to cleaners. Up to about half, in some cases.
His case became more known from publication, in 2014, of book which cleans hotels, written by Ernest Cañada and edited with help of CC OO and UGT. "We have been fighting this since n and in last year has advanced more because of unbeatable situation of many tourism companies, which are left without excuses, and campaigns against precarity," says Martinez. From UGT, Galiano recalls that y have managed to topple in national audience half hundred agreements of multiservice companies for ir leonine conditions or for having been fraudulently approved.Do not outsource "core" tasks
In any case, anor objective of Union is that it is not possible to outsource "core" tasks of sector, such as those carried out by staff of flats (cleanliness), kitchen, room (waiters) and reception (hotels) and administration.
Both Galiano and Martínez argue that fight against outsourcing is not over and point to anor sector in which subcontracting is precarizando a lot of employment: logistics. "Some multiservice companies have tried to enter large sectors, such as car, but y have not succeeded, because big industries can not afford problems of supply," Martínez explains. Amazon subcontracting Chain (hire one company and this to anor and this to anor or a false self-employed) is creating precariousness, "says Marcos Ruiz of UGT services.