Tourism is often subject of desire for local economy. But in some destinations, neighborhood irritation to problems caused by massive arrival of visitors has led to pressure on authorities, when not in protests. A magma of discomfort, with episodes of Turismofobia, which emerged this summer in Barcelona, Madrid, Palma or San Sebastián. And it takes a few years to feel in cities that drink list of obligatory visits of world tourism.More information
- The least kind face of a millionaire industry
- Turismofobia, rental cities
- Half of locals believe that tourism has reached limit
- "Without cultural and social sustainability, re is no tourism"
"When overcrowding goes too far, consequences are difficult to reverse," study published by World Travel and Tourism Council warns in its startup. "It is easier to prevent it from recovering," added presented report by Alex Dichter of consultancy McKinsey, who collaborated in its elaboration.
The study is launched to "quantify symptoms of overcrowding" in 68 large cities. Its objective is to identify problems associated with massive arrival of tourists and to establish what is risk in each of those areas. The analyzed aspects place Rome and Venice, two Italian destinations included, such as those that concentrate greater risk of overcrowding. In general, study corroborates that cities where protests have been demonstrated and first measures have been taken against overcrowding are also among ones that are most at risk.Click on Photoalert for Amsterdam and Dubrovnik
In addition to Rome (with fines for sitting on steps of its 37 monumental fountains) and Venice (which has lost half of its population in 30 years before tourist pressure), among most threatened large cities is Dubrovnik. The famous walled district of Croatian city, in which hardly live 1,000 neighbors, came to receive more than 10,000 tourists at same time, which motivated local authorities to establish this year a quota (a maximum of 8,000 visitors), which aims to halve with limits To cruise and tour guides.
The report also refers to high risk that Amsterdam, which has already led Dutch city government to take several measures: hotel moratorium, limit to 60 days tourist rentals that offer websites like Airbnb, prohibit opening of new businesses Orientated to tourist in center, or displace, in five years, arrival of cruises out of city.
Paris and Barcelona, with point of view in Airbnb and or portals that allow to offer tourist rentals in private houses, are included in ten cities that face greatest threat that tourist mass mute in problems — housing bubble, Noise, streets and crowded transport, marginalization of local commerce, higher prices, and in neighborhood exodus.
As reflected in analysis of tourist lobby, Barcelona has "focused attention" because program with which Ada Colau arrived at city Hall and responded to discomfort citizen by tourist overcrowding. As far as mandate is, Government of Colau has imposed highest penalty (600,000 euros) to Airbnb for divulging rental offers that it considers illegal. It has also approved a hotel moratorium or a new rate for visitors who spend less than a day in city. and plans to limit number of people who can accompany tour guides.
For Madrid, which has just announced a new regulation of tourist rentals, report establishes a medium-low risk, as is case with London. On contrary, some cities that have not jumped media alert, such as Warsaw, are among most threatened.Pressure in neighborhoods
To calibrate risk of overcrowding, and problems involved, diagnosis focuses on seven aspects. It measures density (per square kilometer) and intensity (per resident) of influx of tourists in most visited area of each city — defined by 20 sites with most valuations on TripAdvisor website —. It approximates pressure on local communities.
In addition, it collects from same web weight of negative opinions in most visited sites to reflect risk of "degradation in tourist experience". Compare month with more seats occupied on flights arriving in city, with month with more vacancies to reflect seasonality. Return to TripAdvisor's data to estimate risk of concentration of visits in sites that arouse most interest. and also to determine threat of deterioration of historical and cultural heritage by tourist overcrowding.
The seventh aspect is impact on environment, but of chosen parameter (presence of polluting particles in air) re is no data for all cities. And report admits that relationship with tourist activity is less clear.
"What is expected is that se destinations will reach more tourists, we must manage success," said presentation of report Gloria Guevara, president of World Travel and Tourism Council. And that's what this is about: lobby that brings toger multinational hotels, tour operators, airlines, large commercial chains or firms that have starred in Internet sector Revolution encourages to put bandage before wound opens.
From this diagnosis, he proposes to initiate a debate on "best possible practices". "This document is not a list of private sector requests: several of measures described have elicited criticism from companies and operators," it is assumed at start of study. It is not rhetorical: AIRBNB or cruise companies, habitual suspects in sharing faults of overcrowding, are also members of this business lobby.