This year ending common agricultural policy has reached 55 years. And it has always been one of biggest community games, although it has reduced its importance in European budget since 75% that was once before something more than 40% that it represents today. In period of 2014 to 2020, direct payments of CAP throughout EU are in 298 billion euros of which 35,700 correspond to Spain.
Still, it is a lot of money, money that Brussels wants to have for its security, immigration or employment policies. That is why European Commission has already put its hands on work for a reform with a view to future, especially now that contributions of United Kingdom to Fund (amounting to 3.4 billion euros annually) are destined to be dried. The maintenance of direct payments for agricultural sector and a greater distribution of funds between farms and countries constitute two of key points on which Commission intends to elaborate policies that vigorarán from 2020.
A year after policy proposals for new reform are presented, Brussels is particularly interested in need to introduce changes in distribution of funds so that re is a greater balance in ir sharing for benefit of small farms and Medium; Today, 20% of seven million farms charge 80% of funds.
Currently, each country already has possibility of limiting aid that each exploitation can receive in 150,000 euros; In case of Spain, Government decided to apply a 5% reduction from that figure. In a previous document, Brussels raised possibility of fixing a roof between 60,000 and 100,000 euros. Finally Brussels has opted not to mention ceilings and is limited to pointing out a change in cast for benefit of little ones.
Among or issues, Brussels is committed to conditioning receipt of funds to respect environment; Increased investment for new technologies; To promote change of infrastructure as a way to improve agricultural incomes; New financial instruments, new mechanisms for risk management and, above all, more support to incorporate young people into sector: only 6% of European farmers are less than 35 years old. Likewise, differences in payments between holdings of Eastern countries (which gain political weight with departure of United Kingdom of Union) and old member countries are progressively corrected.
Brussels points out as priority to collect funds who have in agrarian activity ir way of life, who live in agriculture. The Commission does not enter figure of active farmer as priority recipient of aid. Currently in Spain is considered to be active to those who get at least 20% of ir income from sale of ir products. The communication does not address issue of co-financing of aid for each country, which was opposed by Commission itself in a previous draft; Spain rejects idea.
The maintenance of direct aid was one of priorities of Spanish Agrarian Associations (Asaja, UPA and COAG) and of agri-food cooperatives. However, lack of mechanisms for regulating markets as income instruments and ambiguity about co-financing make this sector satisfaction more than discrete.