In German institutes, when students are between ages of 13 and 15, y are informed that college is not only option. A series of teachers trained in Dual FP and with presence in all centers tell m that with this program will be able to charge about 800 euros per month while studying and that 68% of m will get a contract after completing training, which lasts between two and three years. In course 2016-2017, a total of 520,000 students are studying Dual FP in Germany, and 80,600 were left without a square, 13% of applicants. Since model was implanted in 1969, 50% of workforce has been formed in Dual FP.
"The level of involvement of companies is tremendous, y care about evolution of student and notes he gets because in most cases will be part of his staff," explains Beate Gröblinghoff, director of Vocational Training Institute of Hamburg. In some companies, type of contract that will be offered to graduate will depend directly on grade you get on final exam. Contract for one year, fixed or indefinite. The German Government recognizes that this system is key to youth unemployment rate being below 7% in Germany. "It gives m tools to fit into market: oretical knowledge is perfectly combined with practical experience," says Gröblinghoff.Click on graphic Photo: Dual FP in Spain and Europe
Unlike in Spain, German students are ones who contact companies to let m know that y would like to be formed re. For that, y investigate which firms in ir geographic area participate in program and try to filter out those that best fit ir interests. If companies pre-select m, y go to offices to undergo a personal interview. Once y have definitive yes, y formalize tuition in study center. "The companies choose students with a selection process similar to that of a job, in a way that gives a perfect fit between number of apprentices to form and real demand of labor market," emphasizes Gröblinghoff. In 75% of cases is student who is looking for place in company; The rest are aided by public employment offices.
21% of German companies participate in dual training system and train more than half a million new apprentices each year, according to data from German Federal statistical office. Students can choose between 327 professions and average investment of companies in each of m is 18,000 euros per year. The Chambers of commerce define competencies necessary for each profession, prepare common tests at state level, control quality of training received and certify forming companies.
María Guardia, a 31-year-old Catalan, left for Hamburg four years ago to study a cycle of insurance and finances. A graduate in economics, she had been chaining scholarships for several years, none for a period of more than six months. He learned through Barcelona Chamber of Commerce that German insurance company HanseMerkur was looking for European students to incorporate into Dual FP program. They selected it with a B1 level of German. "I wasn't fluent in language, and I was paid German classes," he says. The main difference with Spanish system, says guard, is that he felt that company paid to study and go to class. "They asked me for explanations if a test went wrong. At end of program I was hired. " Now it charges more than 2,000 euros per month.
Switzerland is anor of countries of reference in terms of success of dual model. 30% of companies participate in training apprentices and all regional governments ( so-called cantons) promote system, point from Alliance for Dual Education. Two-thirds of Swiss students opt for one of 250 degrees available each course. The companies participate in creation of contents and academic programs. As in Germany, it is students mselves who are looking for company before enrolling in center and salary y receive during training goes from 1,000 to 1,500 euros per month, of which cantons subsidize about 25%.
In Nerlands FP is also very well established and 40% of its workforce has been formed in this model. Among students of FP, 55% opt for a dual itinerary, with a duration ranging from six to four years. Apprentices ' salaries are regulated from professional sectors through collective agreements; A student does not perceive same in a mechanical company as in a building.