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Higher-income cities have more life expectancy

Between the municipality with the highest incomes per capita and the one with the least 4.5 years of difference in longevity prospects

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Higher-income cities have more life expectancy

The rich do not get rid of disease but statistics show that those who live in areas more relieved, on average, can live more years. The National Statistics Institute published yesterday an abundant collection of urban data that belongs to its contribution to European project Urban Audit, a plan that coordinates EU to obtain data compared to know and measure quality of life in cities. The indicators are hundreds, but re are several that, if combined, offer a clear drawing. The municipalities with highest per capita income in Spain have lowest unemployment rates. And y come out in highest positions of life expectancy charts.

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Selecting cities for which INE offers both statistics and same year (2015), city with highest rent per capita in Spain (Pozuelo de Alarcón, 23,861.2 euros) and one with lowest (Sanlúcar de Barrameda, 6,753 euros), y separate 640 kilometers and 4.7 years of life expectancy.

Taking as reference populations of more than 20,000 inhabitants, municipality of Pozuelo de Alarcón, located to northwest of Madrid with its urbanizations of chalets and townhouses, repeats again with higher average income per person (23,861 euros per year) and with lower rate of unemployment ( 8.5%). The list of cities with highest incomes has varied little in last years, rung up, rung down. Pozuelo is followed by Las Rozas (18,798 euros) and Majadahonda (18,627 euros), also in Madrid. Then Sant Cugat del Vallès, in province of Barcelona (18,325 euros) and Getxo, in Bizkaia (18,212 euros). In all of se, unemployment rate is around 10%, less than half that of national average at time of report, of 22%.

If life expectancy data is extracted (understood as average number of years an individual is expected to live from time of birth) national average is 82.7 years, one of highest in world. And if you go to large municipalities, among top 20 places in Spain appear all cities with high incomes: Pozuelo is second, with 85.48 years of average. Majadahonda third, with 85.19 years. Las Rozas The fifth (84.68 years), Getxo ninth (84.42 years) and St. Cugat occupies 11th place (84.23 years).

Less money, less years

In opposite direction, correlation also works. The lower positions of life expectancy table are occupied by line of conception (79.74 years), Melilla (80.31 years), Ceuta (80.46 years), Cádiz (80.57 years), Sanlúcar de Barrameda (80.7 years), Port of Santamaría (80.79 years), Algeciras (80.84 years) and Torrevieja (80.88 years). All of m have incomes per capita low or half-low: in front of Rican Pozuelo and its 23,861 euros per year, in Sanlúcar de Barrameda figure per capita is 6,753 euros; In line, of 7,777.23 euros; In Ceuta and Melilla are close to 10,000 euros. Torrevieja is 7,108.5 euros per person.

The exception to rule is Rivas-Vaciamadrid. It is, precisely, municipality with greatest life expectancy in Spain: 85.83 years. And your rent is in middle of table: 13,269 euros per capita.

There are many studies that have linked income to hope and quality of life and have found a direct correlation, even neighborhoods. For example, according to data from university Carlos III (who developed a tool to make actions according to needs of each area) in Madrid residents of district of Chamartín have a life expectancy of 83.9 years. There is richest neighborhood in Spain, Viso, with an income of 36,250 euros per capita, which multiplies by five rent of neighborhoods such as San Cristóbal or San Diego, in district of Puente de Vallecas, where life expectancy is 81.7 years.

The services sector has more weight in prosperous areas

The cities whose inhabitants have a higher per capita income level have a greater presence of service sector, according to calculations made by this newspaper from 38 urban indicators disseminated yesterday by INE. Pozuelo de Alarcón, municipality with highest average income per capita — with 23,861 euros — where se activities have more weight: 95.7% of its economy and its wealth is based on trade, restoration, banking and or professional services. There's hardly any industrial activity.

But in statistics re are all kinds of contrasts. In section of employment, Mérida is one of cities with one of highest unemployment rates (30.7%) and also municipality with highest proportion of work in service sector. That is to say: little job that re is, is in trade. Also in agricultural activities. At opposite end, y excel Elda (Alicante) and Rubí (Barcelona), as cities with most industrial activity. The first is Spanish capital of footwear. Many of largest domestic manufacturers are installed in city of Alicante, where wind turbines are also manufactured. The town of Barcelona takes advantage of its proximity to city of Barcelona to exploit its large polygon, with a multitude of small factories or industries.

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