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Independence does not mean being independent

24% of emancipated youth ensure that their majority income comes from their parents, 10 points more than in 2008. Low salaries, the price of rent and studying for longer are some of the causes

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Independence does not mean being independent

Alberto García and his twin bror, Manuel, left ir parents ' home in Trujillo (Cáceres) with 18 years to study a career. Eight years later, with 26, one studies in Madrid and anor works in Barcelona, but two have something in common: y need financial help of ir parents to maintain mselves. And y're not only ones. In Spain, 24% of emancipated young people claim that ir majority income comes from parents or some or family member, a figure that in 2008 was located in 14%, according to study of youth of 2016 of Ministry of Health who understands as young people of age It's between 15 and 29 years old.

"Leaving parents ' house does not necessarily imply a total economic independence." There is an increase of young people who are independent who continue depending on income of family, says doctor in sociology and professor at University of Seville, Antonio Echaves. For him, emancipation is "a family strategy." "The family helps because we understand that it is necessary to prepare, study and have maximum possible titles in order to be able to face labor market from a better position," he says. This is case of Alberto García, who has a degree in physiorapy, his second university career, and does not have income. His parents pay floor and give him money for expenses, a month a total of "about 600 or 700 euros."

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"I've never been completely independent of my parents because I haven't been able to work enough hours to be." My career, between practices and ory, does not allow me, he says. Alberto Garcia takes advantage of summers as a lifeguard to pay his "whims": "I get about 2,000 euros between July and August, but what do you do a year in Madrid with that amount?". According to Idealisto, in Spain price of average rent increased 24% in last year. This is one of reasons why young people in Spain are leaving at home, with 29 years, three above European average. "The cost of access to a home is a very high percentage of wages of young people, so y seek or strategies of emancipation such as shared flats or help of parents," explains Jorge Estévez, PhD from Autonomous University of Madrid on labour issues, citizenship and youth.

Alberto Garcia is economically dependent because he continues to study, but his bror Manuel has a job at a clothing store in Barcelona. However, salary, about 560 euros more commissions per month, does not give you to live. "The floor I pay me and try to afford everything, but my parents can give me between 100 and 300 euros when I'm in a hurry." Manuel Garcia's contract is half a day and is renewed every three months, but has got a job in anor store where he will earn about 1,000 euros. "I hope I don't have to continue to need help of my parents, but it is a very dependent position of season, and commissions are an important part of salary," he explains.

Precisely, one of factors that hinder independence of young people are salaries: ir average gross salary per month for young people in 2016 was 1,029.3 euros, 848 below average. In 2008, this difference was 600 euros, and average gross salary of se age groups was in 1,173.6, according to INE. In addition, according to Eurostat, in 2016 72.9% of young people with work had a temporary contract in Spain, while average of European Union was 43.8%. "Working and having to ask your parents for money is frustrating because you see that you're killing yourself, with schedules sacrificed and ungrateful." "It's terrible," Manuel Garcia's judgment. The study of youth 2016 says that 79.1% of young people (without distinction between emancipated or not) receives some form of financial assistance from parents, although not ir majority income, compared to 52.1% of 2008.

Professor Echaves says that this is something that "has always happened", to his understanding, due to important role of family in Spanish society and lack of public social policies of housing, labor and emancipation. "In recent years and with crisis, it has been accentuated, but re is a trend that will continue to function in future." Parents have always accompanied ir children economically, only before it was more to buy floor, collateral, money to furnish house ... , "he explains. For his part, Estévez emphasizes that se aid "are not only directly economic." "Many people take food from ir parents ' homes or take care of ir children and save ir childcare," he explains.

Isabel Herrera, a 24-year-old girl from Tenerife who studies a master's degree in international tourism Management in Madrid, is assured that her parents depend on m economically "it is law of life" and accept it as such. She has gone from living with m and having her own money, to living alone with help of her parents — about 650 euros a month — after her savings were completed. "If I tell m that I feel bad, y tell me that I will return it and that if it is something that y can help me, because what y are going to do, y are my parents" explains Thankful. Herrera is comforted that now y only keep her, and not her sister. "Before two of m were more effort, now y are better and y can dine outside sometime," she says about her parents, a taxi driver and or pharmacist.

To Echaves this situation has psychological, sociological and self-esteem consequences for young people. "They do not understand that y have reached adulthood because y lack something fundamental, economic independence," he adds. Alberto Garcia agrees with his ory and claims not to feel "completely adult." "It's sad that with 26 years I have to continue depending on my parents, I feel terrible." That is why when you finish race in a few months, you plan to work "whatever", although it can not be what you have studied, anything to be able to remove burden to ir parents. And for being, at last, "completely grown-up."

Young Spaniards in data
  • NET average income: 9,373 euros per year (INE)
  • Gross average salary: 1,029.3 euros per month (INE)
  • Unemployment rate: 33.9% (Eurostat)
  • Employment temporality Rate: 72.9% (Eurostat)
  • Emancipation Rate: 19.5% (Spanish Youth Council)
  • Average age of Emancipation: 29 years (Eurostat)

Figures of 2016

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