The most innovative point of IV State Collective Bargaining Agreement (NCSA) is that it envisages fixing a minimum wage of 14,000 euros per year in conventions at 2020. Finally, we do not set an annual scale to reach that point, as trade unions claimed. On or hand, objective is clearly pointed out. The lowest salaries have been those who have suffered most from devaluation during worst years of crisis. And this has affected those who suffer most from precarity, especially temporary ones, that is to say, young people who join labour market and women.
If at end of this basic recommendation of pact reached last Monday leaders of CC OO, UGT, CEOE and Cepyme, workers of branches that can benefit most from se increases are those of trade. This sector comprises more than 20% of full-time workers who charge 1,000 euros or less, according to data from economic cabinet of CC OO extracted from survey of active population of 2016.
It is followed by sectors such as agriculture or hospitality, in which y have, respectively, 11.9% and 11.7% of workers who receive 1,000 euros or below. The next branch of activity surprises: it is manufacturing industry, which Copa 8.5% of those occupied. The hotel and industry seem particularly relevant because y are two of sectors that are in making of job creation in recent times. "It is positive that re is agreement and purchasing power gains," says Marcel Jansen of Complutense University.
That trade unions and entrepreneurs have reached a preagreement that is already being sanctioned, this Tuesday did CEOE, does not imply that this increase — as generic of 2% plus anor variable percentage point according to evolution of productivity — is going to move directly to all conventions and all payrolls. The first reason is that NCSA urges to apply negotiating guidelines, but does not force m to apply m.
And re is anor basic premise to take into account: to benefit from collective bargaining, you have to be covered by it. In particular, y are slightly more than 10 million workers. Annual and multiannual agreements are usually renewed each year, affecting three to five million employees. However, this leaves out an still important group of employees.
Historically, coverage of collective pacts in Spain is high compared to or European countries. Ebbed something with labour reform, ILO pointed out in early years of its implementation, but not much. In 2016, last with definitive data, it reached almost 80%, taking only into account workers discharged in Social security. But EPA is more employed by Registrar in offices of Ministry of Labour. Therefore, when you figure in something more than two million number of workers who perceive 1,000 euros or less per month must be taken into account that not all are covered by a collective agreement and, without that, nothing will be extended to m anything that was agreed by agents Soci Ales last Monday.
Yes, y could benefit from those who are under coverage of pacts subscribed in sectors such as centers of attention to persons with disabilities. In this agreement, according to salary table of 2016 that collects CEOE, domestic services staff perceives 10,127 euros per annum.
It is not only agreement with categories whose remunerations are below those 14,000 euros. This also happens, to cite several examples, in educational leisure and sociocultural animation; The timber sector (for renovation from 2013); Hairdressers, beauty institutes and gymnasiums; or textile industry.
Raising wage floor in agreements up to 1,000 euros, as with very significant increases in minimum interprofessional wage (now at 735.9 euros per month), often comes up with warning that it may have an opposite effect to one sought. By increasing lowest remunerations, which are usually entered into companies and, by extension in labour market, it becomes more difficult to hire workers y are intended to benefit from, since employing m is too costly.
This alert tends to have young people as protagonists. That is where Jansen is, however, detracting from potential problem for a number of reasons. The first is that wage increase and minimum soil are born from a pact between social agents: "I prefer that to be by regulation." Also because it believes that possible barrier that could be created can be circumvented using training contracts, which are subsidized.