The Spanish production of vehicles closed 2017 with 2,848,335 units, a 1.5% less than in 2016. However, manufacturers are optimistic and negotiate agreements with trade unions to ensure award of new models and maintain current ones. The 13 car factories in Spain employ about 52,651 people and for each of se positions is estimated to create "four or five" indirect. In EU re are some 230 plants competing for allocation of vehicles. ANFAC, employers of manufacturers, explains that "retaining a model means maintaining employment", but that being competitive should not only go down wages.More information
- Two municipalities united by engine
- PSA will not close Spanish factories if y are efficient
- GM's Zaragoza plant will produce new Corsa from 2019
PSA. It has factories in Madrid, Zaragoza and Vigo. The latter is its largest plant with 434,850 vehicles manufactured in 2017 and employing 5,500 people. However, it is assigned in 2018 launch of project called K9, which replaces production of Berlingo and Partner.
In Figueruelas (Zaragoza), after reaching an agreement of agreement between unions and company for five years, it is taken for granted that factory will produce new Opel Corsa, although it has not been officially announced yet. In 2017, of 382,425 cars, 196,424 were corsas. The plant, which employs 5,389 people, sought to be more competitive by reducing labor costs, with freezing of salaries at 2018 and an increase of 50% of CPI in 2019 and 2020 and 60% in 2021 and 2022. In Figueruelas y also manufacture Citroën C3 Aircross, Opel Meriva, Opel Crossland X and Opel Mokka.
In Madrid y manufacture C4 Cactus (59,397 units) with 950 workers. This plant, like Vigo, has labor costs 17.2% below that of Zaragoza, which makes it more competitive and will be assigned a new model from year 2020 that "ensure continuity of factory during next decade."
Seat-Audi. The brands, belonging to Volkswagen group, have ir factory in Martorell (Barcelona) with a production of 455,470 vehicles of models León, Ibiza, Arona and Audi Q3. The latter will be replaced by Audi A1, when it is manufactured on same industrial platform — called MQB — of Ibiza, Arona and two Volkswagen models, which improves profitability by sharing suppliers and components.
The Martorell plant employs some 8,000 people and 265 have gone from temporary to indefinite in 2018 for "production prospects". From Seat y explain that ir competitiveness is because y have a "very flexible collective agreement". Among ors, y have a bag of hours, which allows to work more when re is more production and deduct time Cuendo re is less work. As for salary, last freeze was in 2009 and since n "has risen at least to level of CPI". The last agreement was signed in 2016 until 2020 and a benefit pay was introduced that "links success of company to workers".
Ford. The automobile chain manufactured 417,000 cars in 2017 in Almussafes (Valencia), where it has six models awarded and 7,791 employees. They accepted at end of January principle of agreement on Plan of competitiveness with which, y explain from Ford, "y assure stability of plant next years". The plan includes a salary increase for workforce of 2.5% in 2019, of 1.5% in 2020 and an increase related to CPI plus a 0.5% in 2021.
Renault. The group has plants in Palencia and Valladolid. In latter manufactures models Twizy and Renault capture (250,000 units in 2017). For this production it has 3,900 people. In Palencia, where it manufactured last year 293,000 vehicles and employs 3,200 people, it produces Megane IV and Kajdar. Renault has signed an industrial plan up to 2020 that guarantees workload and 2,000 additional fixed jobs in group, as well as production of a new vehicle in Valladolid in 2019.
In plan with unions agreed an increase of salary of 0.50% in 2017 and of 1% in 2018, 2019 and 2020, with a wage review clause which would pay a single, non-consolidatable pay equivalent to difference between 2% and actual CPI. They also have flexibility measures such as possibility of launching a shift for production on weekends and holidays.
Mercedes. At its plant in Vitoria, where y employ 5,000 people, y manufacture Vito and class V, both awarded up to 2024. In 2017, y produced 150,250 units. "They were awarded for our knowledge in vans and minivans and flexibility agreed in last agreement that allows to cope with market variations," said Fuentes de Mercedes. The company plans to take out its electric version in 2018, although y do not specify if it will increase workforce.
Volkswagen. The German brand Tifabrica El Polo in Navarra, from 1983, with an average of 1,386 cars per day. At end of 2018 production of an additional vehicle will begin. "It is very good news for job and it gives stability to not rely on a single car, it ensures life of plant 10 or 15 years," comments sources of company.
Volkswagen explains that from 2019 average production will rise — y expect to reach 350,000 vehicles — and employment. At present, y have 4,893 workers and estimate an increase close to 10% of workforce. In order to obtain new award y presented toger with trade unions a proposal of competitiveness to matrix. Among measures is salary rise for 2018 of 50% of IPC and increase in one day labor calendar, up to 216, in exchange for company to hire between 300 and 500 people.
Nissan. The brand has factories in Barcelona and Ávila. In first y produce navaa, Alaskian and Van NV 200 (and electric model) and stop making Pulsar. Nissan has 4,200 employees in Barcelona and 480 in Ávila. In this factory y produce NT 400 and y raised closing. After hard negotiations in which workers lost up to 30% of ir salary, y decided to convert it to produce pieces from 2019. The company says that "in no case will this transformation affect jobs".
Iveco. The brand is specialized in production of trucks. Thus, it has two factories in which it divides its light and heavy vehicles. In Valladolid, it produces daily and daily light truck models and has 948 jobs. In Spanish capital manufactures heavy vehicles Stralis and Trakker with a workforce of 2,400 people.