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Recovery reduces the number of affected by wage cuts in agreements

Breaches of agreements barely reach 3.1% of employees

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Recovery reduces the number of affected by wage cuts in agreements

In worst moments of crisis, something more than one in 10 workers saw how working conditions agreed in conventions deteriorated. The difficult economic situation forced many companies to ask for Arnica and pact — and, if it was not possible, to reach an arbitrator who decided — so-called hang-ups. This implies that working conditions are reduced to level agreed or dictated by arbitrator. These changes can affect wages, but also aspects such as working hours, shifts, schedules or even transfers.

With time and economic improvement, that maximum of 2012, which affected more than 1.3 million workers, has remitted. Last year it hardly affected 3.1%, which is almost 400,000 workers, considering that annual labour Cost survey reported by INE measures evolution of salaries and collective bargaining among employees, not counting those of agricultural sector and Domestic. The figure falls to 1.6%, some 200,000 workers, if only wages are observed.

This evolution is in line with figures of Ministry of Labour: These numbers, although far removed from those of INE ( ministry produces a register and INE, a survey on 28,500 companies), indicate same trend. However, neir collects all wages or working conditions — so-called internal flexibility — that occurred in companies, since reform of 2012 also allowed companies to resort to this pathway unilaterally if y gave Causes "related to competitiveness, productivity or technical or work organization". However, se measures had a limit: y could be applied for those contracts that had a better working condition than those of conventions and could not go beyond ground that marked se or, failing that, legislation.

Carlos Martín, director of economic cabinet of CC OO, believes that se unilateral sales are important to explain anemia of salaries in recent years. And it sets as an example not only results of labour Cost survey, but also what happens with Labour price index or national accounting: "It shows that productivity gains are not moving to salaries."

Marcel Jansen, a professor at Autonomous University of Madrid, believes that non-compliance data indicate that " labour market is being standardized after numbers of 2011, 2012 or 2013". "This also means that wages agreed upon in conventions are not a problem," he says.

According to Jansen, number of changes to what has been agreed in agreements has also shown that collective bargaining is working and was not so much damaged by labour reform. However, he was in favour of restricting unilateral changes, which he considered an "extraordinary measure" and that pact should be encouraged.

Average wage is just up 0.1%, up to 22,807 euros

The average salary rose somewhat in 2017, very little, barely 0.1% and stayed at 22,807 euros gross per year. Also total labor costs, which include or concepts such as social contributions, grew same, anor 0.1%, up to 30,744.74 euros per year.

These numbers confirm, as has already been seen in national accounts, that salaries are not just added to economic recovery, something that is seen in or data such as job creation or hanging of conventions.

However, it should be taken into account that data released yesterday by INE is an average. These figures may be affected by great creation of precarious low-wage employment that is being created in recent times. This could mean that salaries of those who already had a job were growing more than average, which falls by incorporating those lower new salaries.

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