The statistics that highlight labor poverty and inequality in Spain are stacked. This same week was a study by Fedea and Accenture, in collaboration with entities such as Caritas or Red Cross, which highlighted that in Spain re are almost five million people living between precariousness, labor poverty and unemployment. In this same line, OECD is abundant in quantifying that in 14.8% Spanish households in which re is at least one person with work is lived below threshold of poverty. The organization that manages Mexican Gurría situates that relative level in 50% of median of income available in each country.
To make se calculations, OECD is part of European Survey of income and living conditions for most European countries, completed in some cases, as in Spain, with or sources. In non-European countries, it uses statistics of each state. They draw up a comparison, which has spread this week through ir networks, on eve of celebration in Canada of a meeting of Ministers of Social Affairs to analyse policies that lead to "shared prosperity." In this comparison, it is seen that in China, 25% of households would live under poverty line, followed by India (18.5%) and Costa Rica (15.9%).
None of se countries is part of club of industrialized countries. Among those that are part of it, first to appear on list are Turkey (15.3%) and Spain (14.8%), which would also be first of those who, at same time, intregan European Union. At or end of table are countries such as Ireland, Germany or Czech Republic.
For Florentino Felgueroso, researcher at Foundation for Applied Economics Studies (Fedea) and author of report presented this week, se OECD numbers, as he himself has produced, "show that Spain has an obvious problem of poverty in Work. " "This comes from old," he emphasizes. And he adds, "It's not enough to generate employment."
However, Felgueroso also puts a but se figures as y are at least three years ago: "They are not current. These results are 2015, with data of 2014. And y are published later. " This may provoke, investigator points out, that situation of respondents has changed a lot when y are published.
Because of this, Felgueroso has tried to project in his study how many of people who are between labor poverty, precariousness, unemployment or inactivity but with disposition to work have a high probability of continuing in that same situation in The next 12 months. The result is four million, something less than 4,780,000 that suffered in 2017 this same situation living in low-income households.
OECD figures also have a bearing on a trend that has been given during crisis. The percentage of households made up of young people living under poverty line exceeds that of older ones. Among those between ages of 18 and 25, households living below that level reach 22.1%. Whereas when it comes to over 65 years, percentage drops to 5.9%.
The Spanish situation stands out less in OECD statistics when inequality is observed, although it is also above average sharply. According to Gini index, most accepted inequality meter in which zero is absolute equality and one-contrary, Spain is located in 0.3446, behind countries such as South Africa, which leads list with 0.623, China (0.514) or India (0.495).
Near average of countries of Organization (0.317), or something below, countries such as Nerlands (0.303), France (0.295), Poland (0.292) or Germany (0.289) are located. The less unequal states, according to se data, are Iceland, Slovenia and Czech Republic.