The new Minister of Economy, industry and competitiveness, Román Escolano, will have a huge challenge ahead with R D I. BRUSSELS places Spain among countries with worst levels of innovation. Between 2010 and 2016, performance has even worsened, weighed down by lack of funding and public support; The small contribution of SMEs; Under-enterprise; The absence of venture capital funds that y invest; Non-existent private financing for public projects; The large companies controlled by foreigners or limited participation of foreign doctoral students, among or reasons enumerated.
To extent that Commission's Services place Spain in Group three of four in innovation, toger with Croatia, Poland, Latvia, Hungary, Greece, Slovakia, Cyprus, Italy, Malta, Lithuania, Estonia, Portugal and Czech Republic. There is anor group below but it only includes Bulgaria and Romania. In ranking, Spain is in position 17 of 28, well below its economic weight. Slovenia, Lithuania, Czech Republic and Portugal are better than Spain in this classification prepared with 2016 indicators.
The report on Spanish economy, published last Wednesday by Commission and advanced by country, emphasizes that Spain presents a too poor evolution of productivity. And blamed it especially to education, high temporality and low innovation. And he dedicates a whole section to latter: he sees "very unlikely" that Spain can achieve European objective of 2% investment in R D in 2020 between public and private sectors. It also envisages that Spain should remain around 60% below European levels. And this is largely due to "low, and declining, execution of R D budgets," he says.
"The innovative capacity of companies remains weak," commission says. Knowledge-intensive services and manufactures with medium or high technology have a weight in Spanish economy less than in European average. And intensity of R D in Companies falls below its 2008 maximum. As much as a generous system of tax incentives is establish, se are used little, especially among SMEs and partly because of time it takes to enter m.More information
- Spain turns its back on R D spending despite recovery
- The IMF reproaches Spain for scarce aid to private R D
- Economy only spent in 2016 a third of what budgeted for R D
- Brussels alerts The high level of inequality and poverty in Spain despite recovery
The Commission recognizes certain strengths in number of doctoral candidates, university education, broadband penetration, international publications or patent applications. But he sees weaknesses in SME development, public-private collaboration and funding. It also detects a shortage of specialized workers due to a population that lacks digital skills and low digitization of SMEs in sectors such as trade and distribution.
Although it admits that an agency has been formed to manage public funding and that re is an annual plan and evaluation methodology, resources are not yet insured. It praises that funds distributed according to performance have been increased. But censorship that has not developed a culture of evaluation that improves policies.
Even if re are qualified researchers, re are few and ir career prospects and job mobility are limited. The demand for se in labor market seems low, he stresses. In addition, re is a great segmentation between civil servants and temporary ones.