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The pension piggy bank only has money for one more pay

The government guarantees with a loan of its budgets the necessities of financing of the Social security

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The pension piggy bank only has money for one more pay

Social Security has taken this Friday 7.792 billion to be able to cope with extra pay for December's pensions. Of se, 3.586 billion have been extracted from reserve fund, so-called Pension piggy bank. After this retreat, it only restans in fund 8.95 billion compared to 66,815,000,000 that came to accumulate in 2011. That is to say, it is just enough to pay only one more allowance. In addition, Social security has used anor 4.206 billion that was missing from loan of 10,192,000,000 that was granted by government in last budgets. In June I had already used 5.986 billion to pay extra of summer. And now rest is exhausted to be able to pay December, including liquidation of income tax.

Learn More
  • Employment estimates that it will spend up to 4 billion more of ' Pension Piggy bank '
  • Budgets 2017: A loan of 10,192,000,000 to pay pensions
  • Social Security will pay extra to pensioners with a loan of 6 billion
  • There is life even if ' piggy Bank of pensions ' is exhausted

At this time, monthly pension payments are financed practically with what is entered in month by workers ' contributions. But se resources are not enough to afford extra pay. In June and December, monthly payroll is doubled. It goes from a disbursement that round 8.8 billion euros to 17.47 billion to be spent this December. For those monthly payments, it is not enough to raise contributions. So government has to look for additional funds to finance it. As happened in June, this time it has been decided to combine two sources of funding: one is to subtract more money from Pension piggy bank. And or is to take part of credit financed in charge of budgets, a loan that does not bearing interest and that has to be returned in ten years from 2018.

The good news is that Social security financing needs are reduced, interrupting a bullish streak that began in 2012. Only in 2015 it descended punctually because remnants that had mutuals for value of 2.777 billion were arranged. But since gap between expenditure and income began in 2011, amount to be financed has been increasing. Last year, 20,136,000,000 was needed. However, this year have been employed 17,292,000,000, 14% less, this is: an improvement of 2.844 billion. If compared to 10,496,000,000 that was caught in December last year, need falls by 25%. The Ministry of Employment maintains that this improvement is because income is going up substantially. To extent that, according to employment, this year Social security could close with a record raise.

Without system reform, more debt

However, re is very little left of reserve fund. Just enough to face anor extra pay. Even if deficit continues to fall, government will have to continue to resort to loans unless system is reformed. Mariano Rajoy's executive managed this loan to avoid headlines that bank was running out of pensions. In end, it is not as important to exhaust reserve fund as debt is accounted for in net terms, i.e. less liabilities. Every time you take money out of Pension piggy bank, public borrowing goes up because you stop having an asset. Or what is same, increases as if borrowed. The advantage of Fund is that it generates returns and allows financing at low cost when markets demand high rates for ir loans. But that is not case now in an ultra-low interest rate environment. In practice, it has been all time financing deficit of pensions to a debt coup.

Since government of Mariano Rajoy landed at Moncloa, 74,437,000,000 euros have been extracted from reserve fund. Between 2000 and 2010, thanks to Social security surplus, were brought to bank 52,113,000,000, which must be added 28,932,000,000 for returns that se resources, invested in public debt, have generated. At best time, 66,815,000,000 were recorded. Now just subtract 8.95 billion at acquisition price or 8.84 billion valued at market prices.

This collapse of amounts stored in piggy bank is result of a deficit between income and expenditure that began in 2011 and has gained weight every year. In 2016 it reached a maximum of 18,701,000,000, 1.67% of GDP. According to evolution of Social security accounts, this year could be first in which this deficit does not increase relative to GDP. It will probably stay at end of year just in 1.6%. Although in euros it probably raises something despite record collection.

At end of 2017, pensions ' hole will represent roughly half state's deficit and main budgetary challenge to be addressed. Especially when baby boom generation will begin to retire in next few years, pushing even more upward on spending. Meeting in Toledo pact, political parties and social actors have a mission to agree on a reform that, among or things, seeks additional income.

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