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The state and the dead that do not rest

Thousands of Spaniards are still buried who were killed during the war and the dictatorship by the victorious side

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The state and the dead that do not rest

Wars are terrible, and civilians are much more so. That's why wounds take a long time to close and y seem to be alive generation after generation, without knowing how long it will continue to be worthwhile. Because, in end, what wars provoke is a huge and inconsolable sadness. In Spain, state that was born with democracy has not managed to live up to some of terrible inheritances that came from dictatorship and Civil war. There are still hundreds of thousands of dead in a pile of scattered ditches all across country.

The Francoists liquidated between 30,000 and 50,000 Spaniards after reaching victory, just to talk about repression that occurred after end of war. Many took m out of cells where y were in prison, moved m to cemeteries and liquidated m without walking with legal finesse. Ors looked for m in ir homes. They took m without giving reasons, and many never knew more. How it happened during war. The victims of outrages that occurred on Republican side, were honored during Francoism. The victims of rebel side's excesses were left in gutters.

In resurgence of past in Spain, Paloma Aguilar and Leigh A. Payne recover some episodes that realize horror that triggers a war. They gar, for example, story of José Luis de Vilallonga, a young aristocrat whom his far brought from France, where he studied, to enlist voluntarily in rebel troops operating in Basque area.

"It must be thought that we had just shot as one who goes to office," wrote Vilallonga in nostalgia is a mistake, in 1980. "Today re are people who say to me, ' I would have refused to shoot. '" Now you can say that. But n a sixteen-year-old boy couldn't tell a colonel he refused to shoot anyone. [...] Then re was a great deal of respect for what a far decided, and fact that mine had recommended me for an execution squad was something that could not be discussed. "

The Order of General Emilio Mola, one of those responsible for coup that triggered war, was very clear: "We must sow terror... we must give sense of dominance eliminating without scruples or hesitation to all who do not think like us." In some areas, those responsible for doing dirty work were boys like that young volunteer. Many years later, in book quoted above, Vilallonga reflected: "If you take away your responsibility you become a beast. You do what y send you, and whole thing's over. And what y send you get used to... The terrible thing is not to kill but to become a death clerk. "

There were all those who did not think like putschists: lawyers, doctors, teachers, politicians, day laborers, plumbers, bricklayers, etcetera. And I'm sure, too, some killer. During se last days it has been seen how, when someone disappears, state puts all its means to find it. Not knowing what happened to a close relative is a terrible torture. The state should once take task of bringing murdered who can be rescued from pits to rest in cemeteries.

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