Precarious middle class or impoverished middle class. This is new category called to occupy more and more space in social sciences. It is, in fact, a euphemism for those who have been apeados by force of what very recently constituted largest social group in advanced economies. In case of Spain defines both those who have had misfortune of being expelled from productive system by crisis, and new generations who have not been able to access it or if y have done, has been in conditions of such precariousness that can not do projects Of life, not even in short term.
In this new reality re are very different groups that have in common something that sister: invisibility. The workers of museums of Barcelona, most of m graduates and many with postgraduate studies, have starred in last weeks a strike that has barely had a media echo. atomized, scattered in companies and different concessions, effort to unite m has brought a meager advance: many, instead of charging five euros per hour worked, from now will charge seven. Like or groups, se qualified employees are victims of an outsourcing system that has allowed to outsource services to companies that obtain competition based on lowering budget. In end, both cut, disguised as false efficiency, as benefits end up coming from same place: salaries of employees. As long as unemployment rate is so high and re are so many young people willing to work for less, this system guarantees replenishment.
But all this, where does it lead us? In squeezed: Why our families can't afford America ("squeezed, why our family can't allow America"), American poet and writer Alisa Quart explains that middle class has been reduced so much in US that it no longer constitutes social group more Broad. The moonlighting has returned to American society and paying bills is a new stress factor for millions of families who have seen wages stagnate while basic services are 30% in two decades. Among OECD countries, only United States has a lower middle-class percentage than Spain. The question is why Nordic countries have resisted crisis better and have been able to preserve size of ir middle classes. In almost all of m it represents more than 70% of population, when in Spain it is below 60%.
The key is a progressive fiscal system and a robust system of social benefits. It's a fish that bites its tail. Without extensive middle classes, i.e. without large average incomes capable of sustaining consumption and economic dynamism, it is difficult to achieve income needed to sustain welfare state; And without a welfare state it is difficult to maintain economic redistribution that guarantees survival of middle classes. Taxation and labour law are two most important instruments of intervention. That was said, although it does not seem, when President Pedro Sanchez announced a few days ago Labor changes to combat precarity, tax reforms to avoid black holes in tax system or amendment of legislation on Rents to prevent escalation of prices: size of middle classes and welfare state.
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