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The wage gap between men and women grows at 37.5% by having children

When workers of both sexes are single the difference in wages is 1%

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The wage gap between men and women grows at 37.5% by having children

It's all a matter of perspective. Workers with children are perceived as employees with a greater commitment to company while women, fact of being mors penalize m in labor market. They will have fewer job opportunities and worse wages. They say data ( difference in average salary exceeds 37% in Spain and is above 100% in or countries, such as Germany or Austria) and, with similar words, is sis of various works that analyze gender gap that comes with morhood : To m being mors penalize m, y are rewarded.

"It is a reality that is reached by a cultural question," explains researcher Ariane Aumatre. Having a child in case of a man is seen as a necessity to offer m more money and "y are also those who are more likely to ask for better conditions, to do more hours or to go a little furr in ir careers" , according to this researcher at College of Europe who has just analyzed this reality in report where are we on road to gender equality?, published in latest report of Funcas ( Savings Banks Foundation) this week.

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"It is a culture conceived by men and men of last century, male vision," adds Nuria Chinchilla, researcher at IESE and one of authors of maternity work and professional career, published in 2017. Chinchilla still remembers how in her first job, 35 years ago, she was told openly that she would charge less than a fellow with same training because hers "was going to be second paycheck at home."

37% less pay for maternity

The supplementary salary is not a message that can now be said to be clear in an office, but it can be guessed after data. In Spanish case, difference between men and women is barely noticeable when y are single (0.9%) and shoots at 37.5% in case of couples in which both have children, according to data from European Institute of Gender Equality (beige) you run Operating to 2015, last ones available and in which average monthly salaries, adjusted by purchasing capacity, are reviewed.

Spain is no exception. This difference is reproduced in all countries and even with appreciably higher percentages than in Spain. Germany or Austria, at head of board, exceeds 100% difference. The average of UE28 is 61%.

It is countries of South that are at Spanish level, between 39% of Italy and 22% of Cyprus. But to have a gap below average, does not reflect in this case a positive fact, as explained by José Ignacio Conde-Ruiz, professor of economics at Complutense University of Madrid. "One explanation may be that in Spain re is a more discriminatory environment for women with consequent self-selection problem. Those who manage to work and have children are most productive and this bias makes observed gap less than real one, "explains researcher.

The situation is similar to what happens in or countries in sourn Europe in face of societies such as Germany or Austria, where women with children continue to work even in lower-skilled or lower-paid positions, which lowers average working Adores and shoots difference for sexes.

Parents charge more than childless workers

In 28 countries of European Union, men with children earn more than women who also have m. In vast majority--except Luxemburg, Poland, and Croatia--parents charge more than childless workers. By comparing what happens to women workers, maternity leads to lower salaries in most countries, except for nine nations in which Spain is located, whose difference shows yet anor bias: mors have less presence in Job market.

However, both count and Chinchilla recommend that this type of compares be made with more refined data, in which instead of averages are compared evolutions of men and women in similar positions and with equivalent educational training, to see ir Evolution and make political decisions more tailored to reality to reduce that gap. The researcher at IESE also recalls that in general terms y negotiate worse: "If you say 100, you will think everyone wins 100 and won't ask for more money. Women are not so combative and that is reflected in lower wages. They negotiate very well for ors, but not for mselves. "

Sacrificing a child

Spain is among countries with least number of children per woman (1.3). But one question is children who have and anor that y would like to have, according to a recent study. In report maternity and professional trajectory, analysis of barriers and impellers for maternity of Spanish women, published by IESE in 2017, underline difference between real fertility and desired fertility. "Every woman sacrifices, in half, a child she wishes to have," says study that adds that it is a fact "that affects almost equal to men and women" which indicates that "for men paternity is as important as morhood is for women , and that y both seem to give up an important part of ir life project. "

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  • GRÁFICODesigualdad on maternity salaries


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