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Heritage : the carmelites and the martyrs of the Revolution

The church of Saint-Joseph des Carmes is a treasure from the Seventeenth century to discover in the garden of the catholic Institute of Paris.

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Heritage : the carmelites and the martyrs of the Revolution

The church of Saint-Joseph des Carmes is a treasure from Seventeenth century to discover in garden of catholic Institute of Paris.

The catholic Institute of Paris (ICP) welcomes every year ten thousand students in its six universities. Sunday, September 17, for curious and lovers of beautiful buildings will gar in 6th district, to admire dome, which is perched above charming church of Saint-Joseph des Carmes. The said chapel was built for mendicant order of carmelites, at beginning of Seventeenth century, with a convent adjoining, on land given by Mary of Medici ; which was taken up on land tell of Luxembourg, where wife of Henri IV, mor of Louis XIII, built his own palace, current Senate.

Read selection for heritage Days :   Eight appointments unpublished in Ile-de-France

This discovery is one of surprises of 34th edition of european heritage Days, Saturday 16 and Sunday 17 September. A weekend dedicated this year to young generations, to increase awareness of " knowledge and preservation of cultural heritage, a priority objective of ministry of culture ". To " give m means of appropriating heritage in all its diversity ", says Françoise Nyssen, minister of culture, attached great importance to transmission of knowledge.

a Replica of dome of church of Gésù, in Rome, Italian baroque of church of Carmelites is at its peak

Thirteen hours in church of Carmelites, this is hour when rays of sun illuminate amazing biblical scene painted in transept, vault of one of first domes of Paris. The work of flemish is attributed to Bertholet Flamelle, a disciple of Rubens, or Walr Damry, both in Liège. Perfectly preserved, with its shimmering colors, composition in trompe-l'oeil is immaculate mantle in which prophet Elijah covering his face on mount Horeb (First book of Kings, chapter 19, verse 12). The divine breath takes white canvas, while Elisha and disciples draped in red try to grasp, arms to sky, to draper. Replica of dome of church of Gésù, in Rome, Italian baroque of church of Carmelites is at its peak. "Everything trembles and staggers," says François Theillou, professor of classics, author of book Domes (Ed. Heritage), to first ten domes of paris built between reigns of Henri IV and Louis XIV.

A cloister and a garden of medicinal plants

The story begins in may 1611, to arrival in Paris of two brors of mendicant order, Dionysius of mor of God, Bernard of st. Joseph, who came re to establish ir order. Marie de ' Medici provides m with a plot of land at corner of rue Cassette and path of Vaugirard. The first convent to be established in a house belonging to Nicolas Vivien, master of accounts, first benefactor. This will be followed by construction of convent and of future Ecole des Carmes – with cloister and garden of medicinal plants, including lemon balm that gives famous "Eau de mélisse des Carmes" still being sold. The queen mor had habit, it is said, stand in a small oratory of wood, perfectly preserved with its paintings on wood, in face of admirable Virgin and child in white marble ; carved by Antonio Raggi, a pupil of Bernini, on a drawing by master, it was given by cardinal Antonio Barberini. The swirls of her veil, crumpled, pleated, suggest unrestrained sensuality of Saint.

On September 2, 1792, 115 priests, after having refused to take oath to civil Constitution of clergy, were passed to sword,

The church of Saint-Joseph des Carmes also demonstrates one of most painful episodes in History of France, that of French Revolution. On September 2, 1792, 115 priests, after having refused to take oath to civil Constitution of clergy, were passed to sword on small front porch of garden located outside of sacristy, where revolutionary tribunal executed sentence. They were thrown into well of convent for burial. In crypt, skulls, and bones bear witness, with names of victims. Buried also in this crypt, carmelite nun, reverend mor, Camille de Soyecourt (1757-1849) who had reintroduced religious life in convent, gave up, due to lack of resources to maintain site to archbishopric of Paris.

In 1875, law Laboulaye releases higher education. Monseigneur d'hulst, vicar-general of Paris, was entrusted with responsibility of catholic university under authority of bishop. In 1876, professor Edouard Branly invent wireless telegraphy. In 1923, will be created Institute of social and economic studies. Today, PKI manages five schools and professional institutes lay open to all. Twenty million euros have been invested in first tranche of work in yard, under guidance of architect Jean-Marie Duthilleul, with creation of an amphiater underground. Four centuries of History and tales in heart of Paris.

On Web : www.icp.fr and www.sjdc.fr

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