- Madrid turns to Guadalajara
- Between Monge and Ortuño
- Kill comic superhero
On November 16, two days after Nicaraguan Claribel Alegría received Queen Sofia Poetry Award — most prestigious of genre on both sides of Atlantic — his compatriot Sergio Ramírez won Cervantes Award, most important of Lyrics in Spanish. This year, in addition, a half-century of Nobel prize is fulfilled to Guatemalan Miguel Ángel Asturias — Master of boom and pioneer with President of novel of dictators — while Central America lives a creative renaissance that seeks to recover place of Privilege that was won when Ruben Dario, anor Nicaraguan, opened Spanish lyric to modernity.
It would be said, however, that for a Central American writer it is easier to add prizes than to add readers. Names such as newcomers would add some of usual Spanish bookstores such as Guatemalans Rodrigo Rey Rosa and Eduardo Halfon, Salvadoran Horacio Castellanos Moya or two peasants of Alegría and Ramírez as Ernesto Cardenal and Gioconda Belli . There are, however, many more, as it is demonstrating appointment to Central America, which this week held at International Book Fair (FIL) its third anniversary with participation, among ors, writers of different generations as Erick Blandon, Isabel Burgos, Luis Diego Guillén, Mario Martz, Bernabé Berrocal or Giovanni Rodríguez.
What has happened in region to talk about its literature again? "Has passed peace," replies Claudia Neira, Director of Central America Festival, promoted in 2012 by Sergio Ramírez and which have participated 500 storytellers from around world. "It has happened that political context no longer forces young people to take path of military service, war or exile." "Many of m were born in 1980s, just as institutional normalcy returns to ir countries even though problems and non-political root violence are alive." Neira recognizes that he is about to see what happens to generation that is now surrounded by maras and drug trafficking, but he insists that re are a series of authors "formed, read, traveled" that move away from "programmatic and chartered" literature of some of ir elders without Get away from this. or history.Life and History
Thus, titles like Lennon under Sun (Tusquets), of Joseph Adiak (Managua, 1987), or trembles memory (Uruk), of Catalina Murillo (Costa Rica, 1970), coexist with recovery, two decades after its emergence, of a book of worship like Flight of crows (Alfaguara), of Nicaraguan Erick Blandon. If first fantasizes about possibility that Beatles were Central American and second tells life of an immigrant in Madrid, third relates forced evacuation of indigenous Miskito from Caribbean to "free land" that has reserved Sandinista government. The disenchantment of revolution just around corner. "You will see when Queen of England realizes what y are doing to us," says a Miskito in quotation that opens novel. They are local stories, "No local color," says Sergio Ramirez. "The scenario is immediate reference, but it is not about giving an account of history but of life of human beings modified by history." "It is not distinguished from universal literature."
However, Ramírez himself turns to Honduran 37-year-old Giovanni Rodriguez, author of The Fall of World (Mimapalabra), to ask what it means to write in San Pedro Sula, " most violent city in world." "Writing like that is easy," he replies with bitter irony in remembering that he does not know anyone who has not been object or witness of threats, kidnappings or murders. "We overcame daily deaths of Iraq ..." "At last we are first in something." Claudia Neira stresses that new generations of writers face reality of ir countries with a cosmopolitan look — several have been awarded scholarships at American universities — and without Derrotismos. And without looking or way. The critical look includes for first time Costa Rica, so-called Central American Switzerland, key destination of regional immigration: A million Nicaraguan people live in country that in 1948 abolished army and used to say that last interesting thing that happened re was Big Bang. "That's over," says Costa Rican Luis Diego Guillén, author of Alchemy of Beast (Uruk). "Corruption has reached judiciary, one of fundamental bases of country." We have taken for granted rights that it was hard to achieve and we have not defended m. We must assume once that we are not Switzerland of any place but part of a suffering, terrible, wonderful Central America. Take it and count it. "Literature is obliged to show that re is a better way because what happens to us is not a curse and we have ability to modify it."The merit of taking debate out of academic field
In addition to presenting his last novel, No one Cries for me anymore (Alfaguara), and his personal anthology. 50 Years of Tales (ocean), Sergio Ramirez has participated in a homage to Miguel Ángel Asturias to commemorate Nobel Prize of 1967 and in several colloquia with young colleagues. "Much of updating of literature of our countries is merit of Sergio," says Óscar Castillo, director of Costa Rican editorial Uruk, a reference in region along with labels such as Nicaraguan Anamá and Guatemalan F G, which coexist with Subsidiaries of Fund of Economic culture, Alfaguara or Tusquets. "Not only did it start Central America, but it took discussions of writers, antologó and disseminated m from academia." Fruit of m are books such as open ports and open doors, anthologies of Central American Poetry and Tales selected by Ramírez and published by FCE. It is only necessary that vitality of writers find complicity of readers. "Each country reads to its own and Spanish best sellers," laments Castillo, which this year will publish 20 novelties with an average circulation of 500 copies. In his editorial he and two external assistants work and " authors pay for passage when we go out of promotion". What about relationship with rest of Latin America? "The south is difficult." "Mexico is more receptive."