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Forty years later, appealing again to the constitution

Feminists believe the time has come for the fundamental law to made visible and strengthen gender equality

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Forty years later, appealing again to the constitution
More information
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  • Darío Villanueva: "The problem is to confuse grammar with machismo"

The word woman is quoted only twice in constitution. The first to describe marriage and second to eliminate right to succession of daughters ' Crown if y have any siblings. The rest is written in that masculine generic in which many are no longer recognized: Spaniards, workers, citizens, or that "everyone has right to life" instead of "all people" where abortion debate has been jammed for years. And that feminists already warned in 1978... With formula ' all ' also fit fetuses, with ' people ' maybe not.

It has been 40 years since Constitution was drafted and now that it plans to reform women do not want to miss opportunity that was denied n. Not a single one was in that commission; The opposition was held outside doors. Vice President Carmen Calvo has asked Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) to report on possibility of changing this wording of Basic Law by an inclusive language and Bethlehem has been armed. Some scholars manifest a certain allergy to inclusive language, although y do not know proposals that are made on this issue since 1980s. And some academics are of anor opinion.

"Inclusive language is not a cultural luxury, not just an opportunity to visualize women, it also has practical effects and Constitution was demonstrated," begins Begoña San José, Forum of feminist politics, a historical movement. Remember that n re was no talk of inclusive language as such, but in some articles word left a certain whiff "of subordination of women to man or a very Francoist family concept" that y tried to eliminate. "If Constitution is opened it will have to be used in guarantee of social rights and re inclusive language will be very important," he says.

Carmen Calvo believes time has come for constitutional text to "have a respectful language with both genders that corresponds to a democracy developed with full rights of women". He asserts, in statements to this newspaper, that SAR has been consulted for deference with institution and does not understand why this controversy has been mounted. "Whoever doesn't understand that women can't feel calls in men is that y don't want to understand it," he ditches. "You have to change things with normality, care and effort," he adds.

The girl took floor and only said one thing: Balls!

In 1975, Teresa Meana was in a crowded student assembly at University of Oviedo. No one was enlightened re. A young man complained, "is this an assembly or what hell is it?" Anor replied, "Careful, comrade, re are ladies here." Something later came turn of word to Begoña, Teresa's friend. "I just want to say one thing: Balls!" "Then it was a deliverance. The words belong to all and all and what is not named, does not exist, we have been reminding years, "says Teresa Meana. That is why feminist world does not recognize RAE's great authority, where y find no echo. In 1889, Teresa Claramunt wrote: "In moral order, force is measured by intellectual development, not by force of fists. So, why should we continue to call ourselves weak sex? " Nuria Varela recalls in his book Feminism for Beginners (Editions B). More than a century has been added a "wear with derogatory or discriminatory intent". In 2001, RAE defined feminism as a "doctrine favorable to women...". Now it is: "Principle of equal rights of women and men".

"If y say that y are mere notaries of what happens, that y are more attentive", asks just Montero.

The issue has jumped quickly to fore and this time women do not seem willing to or aspects, such as nationalities or territories, arrumben equality. "In those years we were gradually possibilists. In PSOE I spent 20 years trying to get leaders to mention us in ir speeches and always forgot, "says Maria Izquierdo, a constituent member in 1978, who values what was achieved in that text, but today sees or demands of feminist draft. And he recalls very worthy role played by women members of all parties that were n, "even those who belonged to Parties that had named m with a certain will of what was called n women vases."

In fact, articles 9 ("The Freedom and equality of individual") and 14 ("The Spaniards are equal before law") have covered many laws such as equality, gender-based violence, etc. "But now concept of equality could be defined," perhaps in preliminary chapter, "and that would give shelter to or advances, such as those that have to do with wage gap," for example, says Concepción Torres, secretary of Feminist network of constitutional Law and Professor of this subject at University of Alicante. "We were not subject to constitutional pact, we were subject of that pact, refore, agreed; And now we want to be forefront, not to assume that we are under that masculine language. If we are subject, we will give way to specific rights that affect women, if not, only winking, or deny us when appropriate. In addition, Constitution must introduce parity as a democratic requirement, "says Torres, who perceives among his students how story has changed, and not only among girls, who are no longer represented in drafting of constitutional text.

No references

With death of Franco, Spanish feminists were quickly rearmed, but for years y were struggling without referents, buried memory of great women of Republic, now very vindicated. Already in first Eighties begin to emerge guides to incorporate inclusive language, as did team appoints, Institute of Women in Madrid. He remembers well who was n a language teacher in Oviedo and previously a student of philology at Franco University, Teresa Meana. "Before 1980s, when we asked for freedom of prisoners, we always added: ' And prey for specific offences ', because many women were incarcerated for adultery [up to six years] and for abortion. But inclusive language came after, "he says. Do not forget to mention wise of this issue, Mercedes Bengoechea, Ana Mañeru, Eulalia Lledó...

So when RAE now shows an attitude contrary to inclusive language, feminists no longer respond with patience y had decades ago. "I have not slightest respect for academy. In English re is no and nothing happens. Why keep a club of sulking gentlemen who do not respect equality. His dictionary does not reflect language, it reflects power. They look like owners of language. In France, scholars call mselves ' immortal '. Anyway, "says Meana.

"It is true that we were not so presenation by language so much, but discrepancies with content were forcing us to do a different wording. For example, we always ask for a secular, mixed, free and compulsory education, that is, without impairment on basis of sex. Language is vital in any legal or legal text. With abortion was revealed: if instead of leaving that ' all ' would have changed by ' people ' we would have avoided quibbles with language that both have used anti-abortionists, says just Montero, anor historical feminist who beat copper in those years . Some did what y could from within Congress and ors protested at gates.

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