352 pieces exhibited in Caixaforum Barcelona travel path of creator pop most played and one of most influential contemporary art
The american artist Andy Warhol (1928-1987) visited Spain in 1983. He came to inaugurate exhibition that gallery owner Fernando Vijande I dedicated to it and spend nine days in Madrid. In those days, modernity was able to rub shoulders with pop artist most famous of all time, despite fact that Warhol did not know very well what was in Spain, or many who queued and paid 100 pesetas as you enter gallery knew of importance of character. 34 years later, interest for this artist, controversial and irreverent, in addition to a savvy entrepreneur himself, he has not ceased to grow.
His works are reproduced endlessly on posters, t-shirts, cups, which are sold all over world. But possibility of seeing originals of se well-known works that Warhol created and appreciate ir process of creation are two of attractions of exhibition Andy Warhol. The mechanical art, which opens today in Caixaforum, Barcelona, spain (until 31st December) and n will travel to Madrid and Malaga.
The majority of 352 pieces of retrospective organized by Catalan centre and Picasso Museum of Malaga and police station director of museum of andalusia, José Lebrero, y talk about repetitive nature and skillful in visual work of artist. A few principles that deny, in last instance, values of originality that is asked of a work of art. “Warhol changed established order that had until that moment, because he wanted to become a hollow between abstract expressionists of 50's such as Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko or Barnett Newman. And found in consumer a way to fill that vacuum,” explains Lebrero, which highlights innovative way in which artist applied idea of process at his work on serial and talent to combine so transversal to different techniques, media and repertoires iconographic.see fotogalería self-Portrait of Warhol, which is ewxhibe in Barcelona. Albert Garcia
Up to 10 photos multi-colored Marilyn Monroe preside over one of rooms. It is one of series most well-known and that most are associated with artist along with carried out of soup can. They are example of how to get something that is born from New York underground in second half of TWENTIETH century end as an item of mass consumption. “Warhol was, besides being an artist, a good businessman,” explains Lebrero during tour at that can be series of different formats.
The works are as varied as fields touched by Warhol: sculptures, drawings, posters, books, movies, album covers, magazines such as Interview, or facilities, as Silver Clouds, some clouds silver floating weightless created with a material that was used by NASA, or one which shows work done in Silver Factory in which participated The Velvet Underground and Nico, and that was a blast conceptual sound and movement. They have travelled from 30 centers and private collections, notably museum of artist in his native city, and also MoMA, Pompidou or Tate Modern.
Lebrero has chosen to explain to Warhol chronologically, from first drawings of Andrew Warhola, embryo of future Andy Warhol, in decade of fifties, in which he worked alongside his mor in ir first printing jobs for magazines, going for his creations in which estetizó products or attitudes of daily life and consumption devoid of glamour. So in Three Coke Bottles, (1962), a work that repeats, packaging of Coca-Cola, portrays “a drink democratic consumed by kings and poor alike,” according to Warhol, next to discussed series, Campbell's Soups, (1968). Although as became warhols simple objects such as cans, bananas, or heads of cow, lift to characters of politics, cinema or society to icons of pop: he did it with Marilyn, but also with Jackie Kennedy, Liz Taylor, or Mao, who tuneó in colors.
The spirit of The Factory
The Factory was place of Manhattan where Warhol and his friends —porn stars, transvestites, musicians, and artists— creating works, participated in films, or simply gave environment. October 20, Caixaforum Barcelona, he wants to revive spirit of this legendary place in “Evening of Warhol”, with musical proposals (of hand of Primavera Sound) and live artistic actions in which all attendees may end up being part of work.
But exhibition also shows artist works-a protest against violence and death penalty. What makes with your series of skulls, guns and electric chairs. As huge Big Electric Chair, that in spite of artistic hides an allegation against a practice that still exists in united States. Warhol began to paint se chairs in 1963, same year that culminated in two performances in New York, which caused numerous protests of collective humanitarian.
The great effectiveness of Warhol is, according to Lebrero, “have survived to present day as great figures of contemporary art. Many artists, wher y like it or not, wher conscious of it or not, y have a lot of Warhol's” sentence.
The exhibition closes with images made by great photographers from all over world such as Philippe Halsman, Duane Michals, Robert Mapplethorpe, Alberto Schommer in which Warhol appears as object of character in which ended up converted. The latter work is an enormous self-portrait of 1986, one year before his death, in which artist appears with a wig. For Lebrero great effectiveness of Warhol "is to have survived to present day as a great influencer of contemporary art. To many, wher y like it or not, continue work of Warhol" rivets.