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The philosopher and linguist Julia Kristeva, accused this week of having worked as a spy for communist regime of Bulgaria, would have informed secret services of her native country about political and intellectual climate in France of Cold War. This is indicated by official documents published yesterday by Commission of Archives of security of State, State agency that disseminated in its web page a dossier of 77 pages, in which appear informations that Kristeva would have provided, under alias From Sabina to Bulgarian secret police. The intellectual has denied se accusations, as as an attempt at defamation "grotesque and false."
The report reveals that Kristeva was mainly devoted to observing political and intellectual debate in France. The mission awarded to him by lieutenant who would have recruited her in June 1971, Ivan Bojikov, consisted of "distinguishing ideological centres which lead in France to a weakening work of Bulgaria and socialist field", according to translation provided by Le Monde. Kristeva would have informed about intellectual activity of figures like poet Louis Aragon and its magazine Les Lettres Françaises, close to Communist Party until 1972, when it stopped receiving economic support of Soviet Union, which annulled numerous Subscriptions to ir university centers as retaliation against ir critical stance during invasion of Czechoslovakia.
It also appears name of Roland Leroy, leader of French Communist Party, who defended official position in public while criticizing it in private, according to report based on information provided by Agent Sabina.
The dossier published on Friday also speaks of French stance to Arab-Israeli conflict. "A certain number of French propaganda institutes are in hands of Zionist organizations, which explains that y often support pro-Israel positions," writes an agent, through inquiries of his contact in Paris. Neverless, file does not include documents written by Kristeva of his fist and letter, according to Bulgarian daily Dnevnik. Journalist Ekaterina Boncheva, a member of public commission in charge of se archives, said to same head that no written letter signed by her had been found. On or hand, letters to ir parents who were intercepted by security services and a mention of ir "indiscipline", which appears in a 1984 report, for fact "do not appear on appointments or cancel m", according to Dnevnik.
Kristeva's lawyer, Jean-Marc Fedida, told Le Monde that intellectual denies "having belonged to any service or being author of any report." "In 1971, he participated in launch of movement Tel Quel, in rupture with official line of Communist Party. This leads to a suffering-filled past, which he has described in his books. [Kristeva] is indignant about fact that his actions and his work can be put in doubt on basis of documents that, if y are auntic, translate cartoony methods of totalitarian police, "said Fedida.
Kristeva, renowned philosopher, linguist, psychoanalyst and orist of literature, as well as a reference figure of French feminism, arrived in Paris in 1965 with a scholarship of studies, shortly after having generated suspicions for an article on thaw of Soviet Union published in an intellectual magazine when he was 22 years old. "They left Me free, no doubt for not developing any political or union action," he explained in 2009 to magazine "regards". He n decided to leave for France and was considered a "renegade of Farland", although he was surprised that he managed to leave Bulgaria at a time when entrances and exits were rigorously controlled.
"My sis director [on Nouveau Roman] took advantage of absence of Director of Institute of Literature, a very dogmatic communist, and helped me apply for French scholarship. I got it and ran away, before director returned, with five dollars in his pocket, everything that Dad could find... almost clandestinely, "he said in interview. In it, Kristeva was not explicitly defined as a dissident, but he did understand that it was. "Like all my generation, I was not faced with need to have" points of reference ", as communists say today that y decided to join. Backwards, I wanted to completely change that dogma, that life-extinguisher that symbolized embalmed body of Dimitrov [Bulgarian Communist leader] in his mausoleum and n Berlin Wall, " philosopher added in 2009.
When arriving in France, Kristeva was part of Maoist circles beside her husband, writer Philippe Sollers, co-founder of Tel Quel and of intellectual circle which was constituted around him, of markedly Marxist inspiration, but not aligned with dogma Communist. The intellectual has been critical, on numerous occasions, with recent past of his country. He has also accused Communist authorities of having "murdered" his far in a Bulgarian hospital in 1989 and of having denied him a dignified burial because he was not a member of party. Kristeva was invited to participate in Congress of French Communist Party in 1997. It was n that he uttered this phrase: "Communism is for me an elegy, if not a tragedy. That wound will never be erased from memory of our century. [...] And, at same time, it is in a French communist newspaper, Les Lettres Françaises, where I learned of existence of freedom, of a modern culture and, perhaps, of a possible society based on revolt. "