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Disinformation campaigns, new threat to national security

The Government includes the dissemination of false news in the strategy that analyzes risks for Spain

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Disinformation campaigns, new threat to national security

The new strategy of national security, document that fixes risks to security of Spain and means and measures to confront m, that today will approve Council of Ministers, includes for first time "campaigns of disinformation" as one of forms of The so-called hybrid war. The document avoids quoting Russia, although experts attribute to Kremlin interferences in elections of United States, Brexit or Catalan crisis.

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The government has been extremely cautious in avoiding attributing to Moscow authorship of false news that flooded social networks in last days of September and early October. It has been limited to note that 50% of profiles that disseminated se fake news came from servers hosted on Russian territory and 30% were replicated from Venezuela.

The national security Strategy 2017, which replaces current from 2013, does not go into details, but brings a new approach by remembering that "campaigns of disinformation" are not an isolated fact but are part of a planned strategy: call Hybrid warfare, which combines from conventional forces to economic pressure or cyber. Without delving into this thorny issue, text alludes to triumph of Posttruth, which attempts to mobilize emotions by disdaining rigor of facts.

Although strategy avoids quoting Moscow, it was Russia that most successfully applied hybrid war with annexation of Crimea by men of Green in 2014 and also one that has resorted to mass diffusion of false news to interfere in elections American, referendum of Brexit or Catalan crisis; While Posttruth has in President Trump his best apostle.

Catalonia and challenges to legality

The new strategy of national security does not mention project secessionist of government ceased of Generalitat of Catalonia, although this has constituted major Órdago against unit of Spain in last half century.

At least document does not expressly cite Catalonia. It does contain, however, an implicit allusion to this problem when it mentions ' challenges to legality ' as one of risks to national security and when it offers as treatment ' rule of law response '. That is to say, without saying, courts and article 155 of Constitution.

Indeed, Trump's victory, Ukrainian conflict (with resurgence of tension between Russia and NATO), Brexit, rise and fall of ISIS Caliphate, migratory crisis, nuclear órdago of North Korea and extension of cyber are main Changes in world view of last four years to which strategy tries to respond.

Its objectives include improving crisis management system. The government has an architecture of support bodies to National Security Council, chaired by Rajoy. But text recognizes need to complete it and improve coordination. Not in vain, National Security Council did not meet before this Friday since last January, which assumes that it has been absent from great crises that have shaken Spain this year: jihadi attacks in Barcelona in August, first on Spanish soil from 2004, which left 16 dead; And Catalan parliament's Unilateral Declaration of Independence (DUI) last October 27th.

The second major objective of strategy is to improve culture of national security — that is, awareness in Spanish society of risks it faces and need to confront m — so that ir approval has been accompanied by a video Advertising (which can be viewed at beginning of this article).

This is first strategy adopted after entry into force of National Security Act of 2015. That is why method of approval, by royal decree, and of elaboration has changed. The latter has been in charge of a high-level commission, created last January, in which all ministries and National Center of Intelligence (CNI) have participated, and which has received contributions from more than 50 experts, under coordination of Department of National security, directed by Alfonso de Senillosa.

The Government asserts that document has been consensual with PSOE and citizens. Socialist sources admit that y made suggestions to a draft, although y ignore how definitive text has remained.

The Minister of Defense, Maria Dolores de Cospedal, announced on Thursday night, in a forum organized by reason, that will propose to Committee of Defense of Congress creation of a working group with deputies and editors of principal means of communication for To study a threat that "fully affects national interests" of Spain and on which it called to be "very vigilant so that it does not repeat during campaign" of Catalan elections of 21.

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