Spanish women have starred in this March 8 unprecedented mobilization. It is only country that convened a general strike — with stoppages of between two hours up to 24 hours — to vindicate International Women's Day. And images of mass and historical manifestations have been around world. Coinciding with week of mobilization, a body of University of Georgetown has made public a report in which it situates Spain like fifth country in welfare for women, far ahead of where y place country or agencies like UN , Davos forum or European Institute for Gender Equality.More information
- The first feminist strike in Spain, in main international media
- The origin of International Women's Day
- Five women (in GIF) who smashed glass ceiling and made history
This is Global index on women's peace and security, developed by Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and security, and Oslo Institute for Peace Research and security. The study compares 11 indicators related to inclusion, justice and security, and analyses from years of schooling, financial inclusion, organized crime, female employment, mobile use, or violence within partner.
Or works analysing Spain are in a worse position in gender indicators. According to UN, Spain occupies 15th place in gender inequality index with data from 2016, last available. The Davos Forum notes in its latest report on gender gap that Spain has lost 17 positions in world classification, from post 11 in 2006 to 29 in 2018. and European Institute for Gender Equality (beige), Españsa exceeds average of Europe of 28 (EU-28) but its overall score is 53, over 100, by employment situation or wage gap.
The report of University Institute of Georgertown uses more generic indicators to situate Spain in fifth position of general classification, with a score of 0860 points over 1. The list is headed by Iceland, country whose women starred in a historical mobilization that has served as inspiration for Spanish in 1975. He is followed by Norway, Switzerland and Slovenia. And at tail are Syria, Afghanistan, Yemen or Pakistan.
In education, for example, years of schooling for women over age of 25 are measured. Spain has 9.9 years compared to 14 of best located (Germany) and above average of 6.8 and in line with average of developed countries (9.9).
This last work is aligned with or previous ones in analysis of labour market. The employment situation of Spanish women – with 44.7% of employees aged over 25 years between 2011 and 2016, gars report – places country below global average of 50.3%, average of developed countries (52%) and behind Iceland (77) , Sweden (68%) or Portugal (50.8), among ors.
In parliamentary representation (measured also with data from 2016), Spain is in 38.6% of women, according to report, although law of Equality passed in 2007 urged parity in and a minimum of 40%. That puts it behind Iceland, Norway, Holland or Belgium, among ors. Although also well ahead of average (20.4%) and or developed countries such as United States (19.4%).
Nearly one in three women in world has suffered domestic violence. The Georgetown study index compares percentage of women who have experienced physical or sexual violence committed by ir partners in ir lives. In Spain, it is 13%, according to report, compared to an average of 30.3% that in developed countries Group falls to 25.2%. It does not delve into anor phenomenon such as sexual harassment, of which re are few data. According to a recent survey of Metroscopia for country, one in three Spanish has been sexually harassed.
The report of American University also underlines a high perception of security among women aged 15 years. The percentage of women who feel "safe walking alone at night in city or area in which y live" is 80.3%. The report average is 60.5% and 67.3% in developed countries. Spain is, however, behind 96.8% of women who feel safe in Singapore, with highest mean. And also behind Norway (81.2%), Somalia (85.9%) or United Arab Emirates (86.1%). On or hand, it is ahead of United Kingdom (72%), Portugal (69%) or United States (66.8%).
The American institution was launched in 2011 by former U.S. secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, who serves as honorary founding president, and by Georgetown University President John J. DeGioia, and his work focuses on women, Peace and security.