NATO considers agreement supported by 122 countries incompatible with its strategy of deterrence
from September 20, 122 countries, nearly two-thirds of those who sit in General Assembly of UN, will begin to sign in New York Treaty of Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, first international legal instrument outlawing atomic bomb. Among signatories do not include nine powers, formally or informally, to possess nuclear weapons, but also Spain, despite fact that it has renounced m. Although it has not been pronounced officially, NATO is opposed to its members signing treaty.
The UN secretary-general, António Guterres, welcomed 7th of July adoption of treaty as “an important step towards aspiration of a world free of nuclear weapons” and stressed that it was result of “growing concern over risk that assumes existence of atomic weapons and awareness of catastrophic consequences that would have if you ever come back to be used”.
“The world has taken an historic step toward delegitimization of se weapons are indiscriminate and inhumane, essential basis for its future removal,” said president of International Committee of Red Cross, Peter Maurer.
In weeks that have elapsed since n, specter of nuclear war has become more real. The launch of intercontinental missiles and test with a hydrogen bomb by Pyongyang have put world closer to a conflict, atomic of what had been since cuban missile crisis, in 1962. President Donald Trump has threatened to unleash “a fury and a fire never seen,” and Kim Jong-un with a cause “ greatest pain and suffering” to united STATES.
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Washington has protected precisely on threat posed by north Korean regime to reject treaty. “Is re anyone who thinks that North Korea will prohibit use of nuclear weapons?”, he asked us ambassador to UN, Nikki Haley.
North Korea did not sign treaty, nor or nuclear powers-official (EE US, Russia, China, Uk and France) or informal (India, Pakistan and Israel), so that no country is going to disarm because of its entry into force.
Its promoters deny, however, that is useless, and argue antecedent of treaties to ban landmines and cluster bombs, which initially were not signed by great powers but y are eradicating in practice, when put in a situation increasingly difficult for ir defenders. “Although treaty does not delete immediately any nuclear weapon, yes you can deslegitimarlas even more,” according to Daryl G. Kimball, director of Association of Arms Control.
Not only countries with nuclear weapons have refused to sign it. The nerlands, only member of NATO that participated in UN conference which negotiated text, voted in end against it. It was only negative vote, 122 countries voted in favor, and Singapore abstained.
Rajoy, Dastis and Cospedal traveling this month to united States
The second half of September will be intense for relations between Spain and united States. The next day 26, head of Government, Mariano Rajoy, will be received for first time by president, Donald Trump in White House. But it will not be only one crossing Atlantic. The previous weekend, 22 and 23, ministers of Foreign Affairs, Alfonso Dastis, and minister of Defense, María Dolores of Cospedal, will participate in Williamsburg (Virginia) at XXII Forum Spain-united States.
Cospedal will match in Williamsburg with secretary of State for Defence, James Mattis, who shall hold an interview. It will be second meeting between two, as Mattis received last march on Pentagon to Cospedal, who coincided for first time in meeting of Defense ministers of NATO held in Brussels in February. Dastis, on ir side, will coincide with secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, in UN General Assembly in New York in mid of month.
government Sources confirm that Spain did not sign treaty that prohibits develop, test, produce, manufacture, acquire, possess, or store nuclear weapons . They argue that this new text “undermines” Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), signed by Spain. The NPT, of 1968, was intended to slow access to atomic bomb in new countries and pledged to holders of same to reduce ir arsenals. It is failure of NPT in both goals —four countries have joined in last few decades club of five and super-powers are modernizing ir arsenals— which has led to Brazil, south Africa or New Zealand to promote a total ban.
in Addition consider that new treaty weakens non-proliferation regime, re is anor fundamental reason that Spain refuses to sign: ir membership of NATO. The Aliaza Atántica has not ruled formally on treaty, but sources allied recognize that has been subject of debate between partners. The conclusion can't be more categorical: prohibition of atomic weapons is incompatible with doctrine of nuclear deterrence that is based on security of atlantic. Especially against Russia.
Until such a point is deemed to be incompatible with treaty security of NATO has raised possibility that countries that sign it are not able to participate in partnership ally, a regime that allows you to receive advice or support military and participate in exercises or missions, and comprises more than 40 partners are as diverse as Jordan, Colombia or Afgangistán. The treaty prohibits not only have nuclear weapons, but also to “seek or receive assistance of any country engaged in activities prohibited” by same.
Although NATO has not been pronounced, yes y have done ir three partners-nuclear (Washington, London and Paris) that warned, in a joint communiqué, that “a treaty that does not solve problems that make necessary nuclear deterrence will not improve international peace and security”.
it does Not seem, in any case, great powers can stop a treaty that will enter into force 90 days after ratification by 50 countries.