The Senate has adopted, after six hours of debate, application of article 155 of Constitution, an extreme and unprecedented solution in democracy, to curb independence process of Catalonia, by 214 votes in favour, 47 against and an abstention. The measure, supported by Partido Popular (with its United Forum Asturias and Union of Navarrese people), PSOE, citizens and Canarian Coalition, implies cessation of President of Generalitat and his government, restriction of powers of Catalan parliament, Intervention of agencies and services of autonomous Community, such as Mossos D'Esquadra, and call for elections within six months. It was after a dense session, often angered and fraught with concern over course of plenary of Catalan Parlament. The vote came after adoption in Barcelona of resolution to declare independence. They have opposed to United 155 we can and ir confluences, Republican Republic of Catalunya, Basque Nationalist Party and PDeCAT.Learn More
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The adoption of this constitutional precept does not imply its start-up but only authorizes government to use it, as soon as it ratifies it in Council of Ministers, which is expected to be immediately. The end of process in Senate, which lasted six days, has closed a dizzying days in which government and Generalitat have been trying to reach an agreement to decongest one of most complicated situations, along with 23-F, which has lived Spain since The establishment of democracy after death of dictator Francisco Franco.
The session, which started at 10.00 this Friday, began its work on agreement reached in previous day by Joint Commission created ad hoc to process implementation of 155. The proposal noted "extraordinary gravity in breach of constitutional obligations", actions of Generalitat against general interest and that its president, Carles Puigdemont, did not attend requirement posed by Government to return to legality. In this regard, it considered adoption of extraordinary measures to guarantee it.
The President of government, Mariano Rajoy, has intervened at beginning to remember facts that have led to adopt this "exceptional decision" after a "continuous process of anti-democratic decisions, contrary to law and to Spanish and European values" Promoted by Generalitat and part of Parlament. Rajoy has influenced four purposes pursued with implementation of 155: Back to legality, regaining confidence, maintaining levels of growth impaired by situation and holding elections in a situation of institutional normalcy.
The PSOE has maintained a negotiation with PP since yesterday and all morning to allow it to admit an amendment that suspended activation of 155 if elections were convened in Catalonia. However, it has finally ended by withdrawing its proposal. On or hand, after a struggle of hours, it has reached an agreement so that control of Catalan public media resides in Parlament after application of precept. Both parties had already reached an agreement yesterday to introduce a reference to gradual and proprocionada of measures, depending on evolution of circumstances.
Two former Socialist regional presidents, José Montilla and Francesc Antich, from Catalonia and Balearic Islands, have been absent at time of vote. The plenary has rejected individual votes of United we can and ERC.
In approved proposal, Government-appointed bodies or authorities to carry out measure will adjust ir performance in each case to current, state or autonomous regulations. Likewise, judicial review of Acts and provisions adopted in substitution of Generalitat shall be subject to provisions of procedural legislation. It shall correspond to courts and tribunals created or designated by Government. Once government's termination has been agreed, exercise of its functions will be assumed by administration.
The document also underlines that failure to comply with measures of Agreement "shall be construed as non-observance of duty of fidelity to Constitution and to Statute", and it will not be necessary to resort to prior reports for purposes of infringements envisaged in State and regional regulations.
The Commission of 155 of Senate shall have powers to monitor and control se measures. With regard to its duration and revision, proposal leaves open a door to modify or update measures. Also to anticipate its cessation, if causes that motivate application of procedure no longer made it necessary.