It is one of outstanding subjects of Spanish university. The campuses have too many teachers formed in classrooms of ir own faculties- so-called inbreeding, which exceeds two thirds of templates-and very few come, not from or parts of country, but from outside. The percentage is minimum: 1.8%, according to recent official data. And it is far behind what neighbors like United Kingdom (27.3%), Switzerland (43), Sweden (13.5%) or even Portugal (3.5%) do, according to recent European Commission data collected in a report on modernization of higher education in Europe.
The risk that university runs by having little foreign staff left it written black on white Ministry of Education in a document: Strategy for internationalization of Spanish universities 2015-2020 to which he has done little case in Last two years, as government has recognized in a recent parliamentary response. A work that put finger on sore: Spain "presents a weak internationalization" and needs to establish, among its "offensive" strategies recruitment of foreign teachers. The low international weight, according to this report, makes it miss opportunities to participate in programs of international cooperation of education, research and innovation, to be competitive and to advance in international rankings. In Shanghai, most famous in world, no Spanish appears edition after edition between 200 in head, as it happens with rest of large developed countries (from United States and United Kingdom to France, Germany, Portugal or Brazil).
Not all Spanish campuses work same. There are notable differences between best-placed autonomy, Catalonia (3.9%), only one that is above Spanish average and worst, La Rioja (0.5). And gap is even wider between campus that best goes on map — Pompeu Fabra (UPF) in Barcelona, with 12.1% — and University of Jaén, with only 0.3% of foreign teachers in data from 2015-2016, facilitated by government in a parliamentary response Recent. One of keys of UPF is that y prohibit hiring trained teachers in ir centres. At University of Jaén, which has improved its data in last two courses, y explain that regulations and bureaucracy do not help and y add that y are a small campus and of interior."Nothing has been done to improve"
In a parliamentary question, socialist Deputy Miguel Ángel Heredia asked government what short-term actions government was considering to carry out within strategy for internationalization of Spanish universities. The answer, sent at end of December, does not refer any to teachers despite Ministry of Education itself admitted in strategy for internationalization of Spanish universities 2015-2020 pointed out that one of se strategies is Attract students and professors Extranejeros. "Nothing has been done to increase international appeal of schools and promote mobility programmes. Nor has budgetary heading been detailed to carry out this strategy, "laments deputy Heredia, who denounces that among measures raised by Ministry re are no concrete achievements in this matter:" There is no detailed objective on percentage that It is estimated to reach foreign teachers in a given period. "
Xavier Grau, executive vice president of Spanish rectors ' Conference, CRUE, emphasizes that internationalization makes universities more competitive and increases ir quality but admits, however, that it is a little discussed debate because great Concern over past few years has been to recover deteriorated templates during crisis. It laments bureaucratic difficulties to hire foreigners and economic constraints that re are for big recruits. A limitation that, in part, remedied Catalonia in 2001 with Catalan institution of Recerca i Estudis AvanCats (ICREA) that seeks talent through an international call, attracting it with public money — Generalitat pays its individual salaries until They retire — and recesses in universities and research centers.
Catalonia has opened a path to follow and UPF, youngest campus of Catalans, has established an unusual practice in rest of universities. "We have managed to manage pain that produces not to sign closest people. And this suffering ends up producing results, "explains his rector, Jaume Casals, who also claims more funds and more freedom:" There is no money for a star signing or for direct hiring because it is premium to hire through teachers. "
In Catalonia, in addition, y simplified bureaucracy of hiring foreigners, one of ballasts that indicate from University of Jaén, which in last two courses has gone from 0.3% to 0.9% of foreign workforce, according to ir own data. "It is a problem that we have alerted all administrations: homologation of titles to be able to hire m can take years", explains Sebastián Bruque, vice-rector of internationalization of University of Jaén. "The national standard leaves us with a rar tied hand." "University policy should allow universities to have ir systems of talent attraction, to give more autonomy," Grau claims from Crue.