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When Jean-François Sirinelli observes "a generational revolution"

In his recent book, The French Revolutions. 1962-2017, the historian Jean-François Sirinelli sees in the victory of Emmanuel Macron the defeat of the baby boom generation.

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When Jean-François Sirinelli observes
book. Jean-François Sirinelli sees in election of Emmanuel Macron "a generational revolution". In his recent work, French revolutions. 1962-2017, historian demonstrates, figures in support: "Macron appears well as victorious candidate of a France post baby boomers." The statistics confirm this fact: The median age of French is 2017 to 40.4 years, one year older than new president. Such a concurrency is unprecedented under Ve Republic. »

"2017 was a kind of swan song for baby boomer generation," he adds. Three baby boomers believed y could be elected President of Republic: Alain Juppé, born in 1945, long ahead in polls; François Fillon, born in 1954, also a favourite time; and Jean-Luc Mélenchon, born in 1951, who, until end, believed that he could access second round of election.

Jean-François Sirinelli recalls that if baby boomers have distinguished mselves on front of political scene since beginning of 1980 years, y have trampled before coming to power. The double mandates of François Mitterrand (1981-1995) and Jacques Chirac (1995-2007) postponed political consecration of baby boom generation, those of Nicolas Sarkozy, born in 1955, and of François Holland, born in 1954.

A reassuring baby boomer

Thus, many of ir congeners to brilliant political paths were not entitled to ir turn: Laurent Fabius, born in 1946; Dominique Strauss-Kahn, born in 1949; Or Royal, born in 1953.

"Macron had planned it," notes Jean-François Sirinelli. Questioned by Point, in July 2008, while he was young finance inspectors, just out of "Commission Attali for liberation of French growth", Emmanuel Macron anticipated that baby-bommeurs Let " most" "Later possible," hindering ir cadets from next generation. "Those who were born in years 1960 – Manuel Valls," Benoît Hamon and Marine Le Pen – which Emmanuel Macron had called, ten years ago, "Prince Charles Generation" – one who awaits power without ever having it – are expiatory victims of a France on way of rejuvenation. Undoubtedly, Macron has reasoned in terms of generations, historian analyses.

"The fact that new President's wife is a baby boomer is reassuring for a certain part of electorate," he adds. Jean-François Sirinelli notes in passing that couple formed by Emmanuel and Brigitte Macron is in itself a revolution in level of vices. In 1969, Gabrielle Russiar, a 32-year-old French teacher, who had made an affair with one of her second pupils, died after being charged with kidnapping and diversion of a minor. Half a century later, Emmanuel Macron displays on cover of magazines happy image of couple formed with one who was his high school teacher, without this arousing any special swirls, observes Jean-François Sirinelli.

For this one, three reasons explain why election of Emmanuel Macron is "an essential moment of Ve Republic". First of all, conquest of power, led out of framework of major parties, has come to reward an ascent as dazzling as ever before: Emmanuel Macron became at 39 years youngest President of Fifth Republic, when he had only one Departmental experience and that he had never registered a mandate before. "Ors before him have known trajectories apparently also meteoric," notes historian. Valéry Giscard d'estaing was elected President of Republic, in 1974, at age of 48 years. At time, French had been struck by his early arrival, but he had made his entry into politics eighteen years earlier.

A moment of rocking

For this specialist in political and cultural history, a second sign indicates that spring 2017 is a moment of rocking history of Ve Republic: The Presidential Party, on march!, obtained an absolute majority in legislative elections. Or parties had an absolute majority, such as Union for New Republic (UNR) in 1968 or Socialist Party (PS) in 1981, but se were not new political formations. For first time, more than three hundred members from different backgrounds, without a clearly identified common political culture, entered National Assembly. »

The third element: "Almost 40% of elected members are women, which is unpublished," notes Jean-François Sirinelli. Let us not forget that after liberation only 5% of deputies were women. It took 1997 to represent 10%, and 2012 to reach 25%. »

The historian recalls that new President finds himself at head of a country which entered a warlike phase after attacks of 2015, when he had lived in peace since 1962. The Republican monarch does not become miracle, having no real power to heal, but as chief of armies he becomes a martial in expression and regalia in Incarnation. From regalia to "Jupiter", re is only one additional step, crossed by Macron, remark Jean-François Sirinelli.

For historian, socio-political malaise experienced by France remains profound. This is reflected in proprotest attitude that has been growing since mid-1990. "In order for this Macron moment to remain on its sunny phase – without a bad pun — reforms would have to work." Without this – and this is where my bad pun comes – French will say: "Thank you for this moment, but goodbye" – in any case in terms of popularity. »

"The French Revolutions." 1962-2017, by Jean-François Sirinelli, Odile Jacob, 384 pages, 23.50 euros.

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