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Abe gets an easy re-election in the Japanese elections

Conservative Japanese Prime Minister achieves a mandate to harden his position towards North Korea

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Abe gets an easy re-election in the Japanese elections

Although definitive results will not be known until Monday, it is clear that re have been no surprises. As expected, Abe, who convened polls last month--more than a year ahead of schedule--to leverage divisions in opposition, has easily overcome challenge posed by its opponents. According to poll at foot of poll of television TBS, Liberal Democrat Party (PLD) of Prime Minister and its new ally Komeito achieve 311 seats, of total of 465 with which lower house counts.

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In Progressive field, Democratic Constitutional Party of Yukio Edano achieved slightly better results than expected, between 44 and 67 seats. Although still a long distance from government training, this split of vanished Democratic Party becomes main opposition party.

Instead, Party of Hope (Kibo No to) of Tokyo governor Yuriko Koike, who at beginning of election campaign seemed likely to represent a serious alternative to LDP's dominance, has confirmed disenchantment that voters showed in Polls prior to election day. He only gets third position.

After a twelve-day campaign, participation was hampered by temporary fort that Japan struck on Sunday. Tens of thousands of citizens were evacuated and hundreds of suspended flights due to proximity of Typhoon Lan, of force 4.

The LDP victory ensures that, except for debacle, Abe will remain in Prime minister's office up to 2021, making him chief of Government that has remained in office since end of World War II. Abe won post for second time in 2012, after having occupied it between 2005 and 2006.

The triumph for a third legislature, and by such a wide margin, gives nationalist politician a clear authority to maintain policy of hardness towards North Korea which it had presented so far. Precisely, argument for advancing elections had been need to have a resounding citizen mandate on escalation of threat posed by Kim Jong-UN's nuclear program. This summer, Pyongyang launched two missiles that flew over Japanese territory before falling into Pacific waters. Kim has warned that "it will sink into sea" to Japan.

In an appearance to thank public for his re-election, Abe has assured that he will now face "firmly" North Korean nuclear program, which already has intercontinental missiles and this September completed its sixth nuclear test.

"As I promised in elections, my immediate task is to tackle North Korea firmly," he said. "For that, you'll need solid diplomacy."

This Korean threat will focus on beginning of November on visit of US President Donald Trump to Tokyo at beginning of his tour of Asia. The White House tenant has threatened to "completely destroy" North Korea if that country goes ahead with its nuclear program.

In economic arena, one who most worried Japanese when y go to vote, Prime Minister will continue his strategy to encourage economic growth, "Abenomics", focused on a liberal monetary policy that has encouraged exports. The head of Nippon government will continue with application of rise to consumption tax in 2019. Although it is a very unpopular measure, ABE considers it essential to reduce Japan's fiscal deficit and to cover public spending that points to still weak economic recovery. The executive must also take action on ageing of population, anor of arguments wielded by head of government to call ballot box.

But, above all, se elections open head of government, son of a family of rancid lineage in Japanese politics, as skillful diplomat as conservative and nationalist, possibility of realising his greater political ambition. With a two-thirds majority in lower house, it can convene a referendum for reform of Constitution drafted by United States after Japanese defeat in World War II.

Article 9 of Constitution prohibits Japan from keeping an army in use and only allows it to maintain self-defence forces whose main mission is to respond in event of an attack on archipelago. But Abe's government has already succeeded in approving a reinterpretation of Magna Carta that allows se forces to come to aid of an ally who is in danger. And Korean threat, he considers, makes it clear that Japan needs an army of its own to allow it to tackle that danger.

The reform of Constitution to equip its armed forces with a role more similar to that of a conventional army is a matter that deeply divides Japanese society: according to surveys, 37% is in favor, while 40% are against touching Car Ta Magna.

Any amendment must be approved by a two-thirds majority in both chambers and submitted to voters ' approval in a referendum.


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