The conflict combined with extreme climatic events promote future food crises, particularly in East Africa.Until now, worst has been avoided. The risk of mass starvation in brandis in February by united Nations have not materialized, and South Sudan – only State to have recognized this extreme situation in north of its territory – has lifted alert. The mobilization of actors of emergency, donors or countries mselves, to respond to " most severe humanitarian crisis since second world war," helped contain disaster. Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen, four countries for which UN had sounded alarm, have received 60 % of $ 4.9 billion deemed necessary by 2017 to cover emergency needs.
For all that, "millions of people are always at edge of cliff," insists Dominique Burgeon, director of emergencies at FAO (united Nations Organization for food and agriculture). "The number of those classified in humanitarian emergency has increased. "This category is last on scale of food security before famine.
In Somalia, " situation has not deteriorated, but it has not improved eir," said Ibrahim Hassan, head of NGO CARE in Mogadishu. The drought lingers on, small rainy season (April-may) has been very poor and those expected from October may again be below average, according to latest forecasts. "We remain in greatest uncertainty. Half of population is in need of help. Millions of people have been displaced. The herds have been decimated. The risks of famine are not ruled out. "
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In South Sudan, torn by armed conflict, humanitarian workers continue to be target of belligerents and remain deprived of access to certain areas. "The aid has been channelled in region of Unity which had been declared a famine, but situation has worsened in rest of country," says Frederick McCray, director of CARE in country.
international Committee of Red Cross (ICRC) has suspended its operations after killing of one of its agents, on 9th of September, in province of Equatoria. "This sourn region which is breadbasket of country, has been won by violence. The small farmers have not been able to cultivate ir fields and were forced to leave ir land. Some families have been displaced three, four times. They are struggling to survive, but y cannot endure more, " he continued." The crises are added to each or, financing needs are exploding, " says Pauline Chetcuti, head of humanitarian advocacy Action against Hunger
Has se seizures, which have benefited from projectors, have since added or tragedies : that of central African republic where situation after a short truce is deteriorating again, one of Kasai in democratic Republic of Congo, where 1.4 million people have been displaced and where united nations fears spread of a cholera epidemic.
Finally, persecution of Rohingya in Burma, including more than 300 000 have fled to Bangladesh in a few weeks, has opened a new humanitarian front. "The crises are added to each or, financing needs are exploding, difficulty is not to leave a person's side," warns Pauline Chetcuti, head of humanitarian advocacy Action against Hunger.
This has led UN to recognize " that after a long period of decline, hunger in world is gaining new ground ". In its annual report on food security and nutrition in world, published on Friday, 15 September, FAO estimates that number of undernourished people has risen from 777 million people, in 2015, to 815 million in 2016. It is too early to say if this relapse was a one-off or if it marks a reversal of trend sustainable.
anyway, internal conflicts combined sometimes to extreme climatic events to explain, in a majority of cases, recurrence of food crises. "The combination of conflict and climate-related natural disasters may be more frequent under effect of climate change, because it not only exacerbates problems related to food insecurity, but can also lead inexorably to conflict," write authors of report. In Face of such dark prophecies, sub-saharan Africa with a distinct disadvantage. A third of its population suffers today from severe food insecurity.Previous 1/9 Next Since déDecember 2013, South Sudan is plongé in a bitter civil war responsible d’a severe food crisis and d’a épidémie de choléra. Italian photographer Fabio Bucciarelli follows conflict from 2012
villagers carry a patient à l’h&taxes;pital nearest.
Fabio Bucciarelli" Access to portfolio