Argentina is voting today for elections that renews much of parliament in a rarefied climate. The finding of Santiago Maldonado's body, disappeared on 1 August after a police operation to suppress a group of Mapuches, stopped campaign. The Argentines decide today if y give all power to Mauricio Macri, which governs from 2015 in minority, with a great result throughout country, as polls point, or allow Cristina Kirchner, candidate for Senator in Buenos Aires, to come out reinforced and try To curb president as leader of opposition.
Argentina has been around for at least 70 years in native version of mythical phrase Vargas Llosa wrote: When Peru was screwed. The Argentines can spend hours arguing who was to blame for decline of a country that was fleetingly among richest in world and in last 70 years has one of average growth levels of lowest economy on planet , with harsh cyclical falls that never fully recover.
Always innovators, Argentineans have tried almost every possible political formula to solve ir problems. And now y've done it again. That's why big discussion of today's vote is if he delivers all power to an unpublished experiment, strange even in a continent like America accustomed to eccentricities: a Millionaire with Macri, followed by anor group of people of his social class and ors Professionals from business world, mixed with some exradical and exchanged, with a new message of reconstruction of country and a strong idea: This is last chance to save Argentina.
The country interviewed before elections a fortnight of intellectuals, writers, artists, businessmen and former politicians such as Juan Domingo Cavallo, to explain how country arrives at decisive elections: Although president does not change, if MACRI receives The electoral endorsement, as all surveys indicate, will have all power to move forward with its reforms and will be able to face with guarantees re-election of 2019. If Cristina Kirchner and his Peronist allies manage to stop MACRI especially with a victory in province of Buenos Aires, president will continue to be sending but with much less force.
Argentine thinkers are divided, some are excited about possibilities of a change like Macri's and ors are desolated by what y see as a right turn. But y all agree on some things. For example, that Argentina cannot keep looking at past. "Argentina idolize past, we have to stop repeating it," says philosopher Santiago Kovadloff. To get an idea of to what extent this is true, last campaign discussion consisted of seeing who would have voted Perón and avoid if y lived, Cristina Kirchner or MACRI candidate.
Anor constant is that left and Peronism have underestimated MACRI. "It has peronizado." We were surprised, "admits Horacio González, an intellectual kirchnerist of reference." Many fear absolute power that president can get in se elections, ors believe that it is imperative to govern such a complex country. Everyone emphasizes that it has gone slowly because it had no power to go faster, and re is always risk of social revolt in a country with 30% poverty. The surprise at low response to president for country's average is widespread. "Argentines are having more patience than we imagined," sentencing economist Eduardo Levy Yeyati, one of most consulted men in government.
"The change in Argentina is serious, people got tired of mess," says Cristiano Rattazzi, president of FIAT Argentina, a member of Agnelli family, an enthusiastic entrepreneur with MACRI. "In Europe you can do few new things, in Argentina everything", is illusion Gustavo Grobocopatel, called King of Soy. But everyone admits that changing country will cost many years. "There is no doubt that 2011-2020 will be a lost decade in Argentina," sentences Pablo Gerchunoff, anor economist close to government.
Juan Grabois, key social leader and friend of Pope Francis, always pending what happens in most difficult neighborhoods in his country, believes that re will be no social outbreak whenever MACRI seeks agreements, and is uneasy by a turn of discourse on immigration or Insecurity: "In Argentina is advancing a right-wing populism, which blames poor for everything that happens," he explains. "In previous government re was an interest in that huge part of country that are poor and today I see that it is not people who are interested" top writer Selva Almada.
"I don't know if Macri came to stay, but poverty does," delves prestigious intellectual Beatriz Sarlo. "There is already a generation that grew among landfills in Argentina," explains Rodrigo Zarazaga, a Jesuit priest who knows how no one Conurban [surroundings of Buenos Aires, hyperpopulated] and ensures that re are two ghettos in country, that of villas misery but also that of The country, closed neighborhoods where rich live very close to poor. Between two worlds re is an ever-increasing disconnection.
The great political divide that dominates country is anor recurring issue, although some are optimistic: "The Argentinean rift is diluting," explains Aníbal Jozami, Peronist, rector of University three of February, in heart of city, one of successes of Kirchnerism, which inaugurated centers of higher studies in impoverished zones. Ors think he's still re. "I see country very bipolar." There are people who are happy because Macri governs and even if y have raised light does not care and re are people who are sad because even if he goes better sees Macri as a dictator. I'm stuck in crack and I have a lot of food. People can come from eir of two places, "jokes Pablo Braun, a millionaire who got into editor and runs Library of everlasting cadence worship.
Ors believe that in background, MACRI Argentina is very similar to previous ones, because it is a country that has lived for 70 years in decline and never changes. "This is a merry-go-round country (merry-go-round), turns and turns, seems to come out but ends in same place," explains writer Martín Caparrós, who even argues that Argentina of 70, against which many as he took weapons, was much better than current , with less poverty.
The need to lower expectations of a country that was very rich is in all conversations. "Argentina has a hard time managing its mediocrity." Citizens think y deserve more than y have, which permanently puts country in a situation of stress, "analyses writer Alejandro Katz. "We need a little more modesty to realize that changes are long processes." I think that crisis has diminished that pride Argentina, today or in football can say that we are so superior, "says businessman Hugo Sigman, one of richest men in country, which was close to Kirchnerism."
"With such dramatic moments, Argentina needs humour," tops draughtsman Tute, heir to long tradition that goes from Fontanarrosa to his far, Caloi. Tute, very critical of government of MACRI and social situation, believes that Argentina always repeats and jokes with passion of its citizens to Psychoanalyze: "Because we like to listen to ourselves".
That idea of repetition is at all but some analyze it in more detail. The constant, explains writer Martín Sivak, is in people who really move country. "In Argentina, what really remains is business party." There are Peronist, radicals, can be with PRO, with socialism in Santa Fe, no matter. "There's a lot of personal relationships, inbred issue." A country difficult to change, always circular, which today decides if it keeps and deepens MACRI's course or anor turn again.