Migration gains weight in budgetary priorities of European Union, with a more restrictive approach than welcome. The European Commission proposes to almost triple funds devoted to migratory matters in next community public accounts (for period 2021-2027). Although endowment increases in all chapters, focus is on control of external borders of EU and on expulsions of those who do not have right to asylum. Most states share se priorities.
Europe will lose resources after Brexit, but shortage would not affect migration and asylum items. Brussels detailed this Tuesday its proposal for first budgets immigration after departure of United Kingdom, which give this heading 34.9 billion euros for seven years (in current period is allocated 13 billion). This is a clear signal of greater involvement of Community executive in an area where almost all competencies are national.More information
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In face of quarrels of debate on how to deal with asylum seekers and how to manage landings, 28 members of Union agree on one thing: need to reinforce external frontiers, so that internal borders are kept free of Controls. The European Migration Commissioner, Dimitris Avramopoulos, used a serious tone to urge countries to seek this difficult balance. "Let us hope that European spirit prevails. If not, we will be jeopardizing whole community project, "he said at a press conference from Strasbourg.Risks to Schengen
Brussels does not get tired of remembering that this exhaustive control of entry doors to EU constitutes a basic requirement to keep area of free internal movement (Schengen) alive. Several diplomatic sources warn that countries like Germany, which still receive a significant flow of refugees and migrants, will not hesitate to apply permanent checkups if common solutions to migratory challenge are not found.
In this spirit, Commission proposes to allocate 21.3 billion to strengn borders, almost four times current amount. Beyond economic figures, star plan is to create a reserve of 10,000 border police assigned to European Agency (FRONTEX) to deploy m quickly in event of a crisis.
It is to be seen that idea prospers. Some states (including Spain) are very wary of police in or countries moving to control border movements in ir territories. Austria instead calls for scheme to be ready as soon as possible, without waiting for end of next budget period. The Member States must unanimously approve all budgetary lace, a hard bargain which is usually settled in last morning.
Anor important pillar of common immigration policy is to provide States with funds to host refugees, integrate and expel those who fail to achieve that status. Brussels plans to allocate 11.3 billion to this chapter, 54% more than in 2014-2020 period. Of se amounts, 30% will be devoted to asylum commitments (housing or economic endowment), anor 30% to integration (work training, language learning...) and 40% to returns of those considered migrants for economic reasons (and, refore, without right to Protection).
The expulsions, promoted by Brussels as a signal to deter irregular arrivals, are complex. In practice, states fail to send back or 40% of foreigners with return orders.
Aware of se difficulties, Community executive puts emphasis on funds aimed at preventing migrants from reaching, especially through Mediterranean. One such instrument is mechanism that finances part of Turkey's assistance to 3.5 million Syrian refugees living in its territory. Italian Government sources who did not want to appear with name and surname said Tuesday to this newspaper that Rome does not intend to veto additional 3 billion that EU promised Turkey within that scheme. Five different diplomatic and community sources neverless assure this newspaper, as it was published on Tuesday, that Italy has been blocking this programme for weeks. Asked about that controversy, European Commissioner replied: "We need money for both [Greece and Italy] and we spend it on both."