Free movement between countries is one of sacred principles of European Union, but imbalances in its application have acted as gasoline for incendiary populist dialectic in recent times. "Around what did Brexit turn?" Around workers of Eastern Europe who were coming to occupy British jobs. The defenders of Europe lost because British middle classes said Basta! "he cried out to clear Emmanuel Macron, in an interview with this diary last June. The EU Labour ministers came to an agreement yesterday to correct shooting after a marathon negotiation in Luxembourg that lasted for 12 hours. The support for reform of displaced Workers ' Directive was majority: 21 of 28 European partners approved agreement. Only four eastern states: Poland, Hungary, Latvia and Lithuania, voted against, while United Kingdom, Ireland and Croatia were abstained.Learn More
- Spain's reticence complicates European Agreement on displaced workers
- Macron seeks alliances in Eastern Europe to protect French jobs
The pact states that employees sent by ir company to anor Member State for a limited period of time, so-called displaced workers, — not to confuse with those established in anor EU country in a lasting way to seek employment — should Benefit from same labour agreements as ir colleagues in host country whenever y are more favorable. A new reality that Brussels, a staunch supporter of change, has summed up in a phrase: "Same remuneration for same job in one place."
This will prevent a construction worker sent, for example, from Krakow, to be able to cost employer half that a native French or German, a difference that Macron came to brand of treason European spirit. This obvious competitive disadvantage for local workers, of which companies are major beneficiaries, has also been recursively remembered by a part of extreme European right — with a prominent mention of Marine Le Pen — to up xenophobia And Euroscepticism taking advantage of unstoppable growth of displaced workers in recent years. Everything even though increase has not yet become an extended phenomenon. According to calculations of European Commission are about two million, less than 1% of European workforce. Germany, France and Belgium are, by that order, main recipients, with Poland as first emitter with nearly half a million workers a year.
The agreement rewards Macron's perseverance in its first major European victory. The French president has been main driver of renewal of law with his tour of east in search of allies and his meeting last Friday in Brussels to convince President Mariano Rajoy. It also leaves good taste in Spain. The Great Red Line of Madrid, to ensure that carriers of pact were excluded by waiting for anor specific road transport law to be negotiated, was finally accepted by bringing down reticences of Spain, Portugal, Bulgaria and Romania, which They dismantled ir initial resistance to vote in favour. But not everything was in accordance with Spanish position. The time from which a worker ceases to be considered as displaced and will have to abide by all labor standards of country of destination will remain in a maximum of 12 months extendable in anor six more, an option halfway between 12 months he claimed Fr Anchor and 24th of Spanish Government.
The refusal of Poland and Hungary enlarges gap between two countries, fractious habitual, of ir European partners. Warsaw, little infected with influx that exerts emergence of Macron on European board — in August he lllamó "arrogant" by mouth of his prime minister, Beata Szydlo, sees law as a protectionist attempt that threatens single market and undermine capacity Of Poland to compete by means of its workforce. The east will lose, a priori, part of attractiveness of its companies by sending cheaper labor fleets to wealthier countries. This competitive advantage, qualified by Brussels of social dumping, has led to a certain number of companies to settle re to export workers, sometimes fraudulently through mailbox companies without real presence in country. The construction sector accumulates 43.7% of all EU labour movements, followed by manufacturing industry — 21.8% — and educational, health and social work services — 13.5% —.
France did not hide its euphoria last night by agreement: "It is a victory for Europe," said cabinet of Macron euphoric. But at same time, concern for wounds in which he can rummage umpteenth lack of harmony with Poland and Hungary led Paris to hasten to try to lower a distance that threatens to become a tear: "The final text does not mark a fracture" East-West. There are no winners or losers, only winner is Europe, said Muriel Pénicaud, French minister of Labour. "We have reached a balanced agreement," said Commissioner for Social Affairs, Belgian Marianne Thyssen.
The current directive, which dates back to 1996, prior to expansion of Union to east, obliges displaced persons to pay at least minimum wage of host country and to benefit from rests, holidays and safety and health standards that legislation contains. But se guarantees were far from equating enormous wage differences and social contributions between East and west. When four years of transition agreed until compulsory implementation of new standard, displaced will also have right to receive extra pay or increases by seniority.