The United Nations, African Union and European Union agreed yesterday in Abidjan (Côte d'ivoire) to set up a joint task force to "Save and protect lives of migrants and refugees," especially in Libya, "by accelerating assisted voluntary return and "Resettling those in need of protection." The resolution was agreed at first session of African Union-EU summit to promote an investment and credit plan to curb escape of Africa's youth.
The central motto of first summit of current African Union and European Union ( fifth under formed Africa-EU) is "investments in youth for sustainable development". The concern of all attendees (110 delegations from 55 African countries, 28 Europeans and numerous observers and or guests) focuses on promoting plans, investments, jobs and projects to retain large and growing youngest African population and Promising in ir countries of origin not to decapitalize m and to avoid uncontrolled phenomenon of immigration in Europe. It is not an altruistic initiative alone.
The launching of new Plan Africa promoted by President of European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, approved in September and that will have in principle with a fund of 4.1 billion euros to facilitate loans, collided with reality of trafficking of persons and Slaves in Libya, a territory without government and disoriented years ago in Maghreb and key to fixation of irregular migratory flows to Italy and now to Spain, through new routes through Algeria.
The President of Council of Europe himself, Donald Tusk, assumes that problem of migration "is a joint responsibility" and accepts that Europe's duty is "to intensify fight against unscrupulous criminals and bring m to justice". Tusk launched even a generic critique by remarking that worst thing that could happen now, in allegations like those of trafficking in people in Libya, is "to start blame game" among various actors involved.The King of Morocco and President of Sahrawi Republic
J. C., Abidjan (Ivory Coast)
One of unusual and historical images of summit of African Union and European Union was presence, in same chamber of plenary of Heads of State and Government, King of Morocco, Mohamed VI, and President of Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (RAS D), Brahim Ghali. They didn't even say hello. Summoning m and that come was already a success plagued by convoluted diplomatic efforts. Morocco left African Union 33 years ago and returned to its bosom last January after many disputes, among ors for support of some African countries (and especially Algeria) to RASD.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, before starting meetings, advocated to generate legal options for young Africans in general to prepare and study in Europe and thus avoid business with human beings in Libya.
In this environment, and in so-called margins of Abidjan Summit, a meeting was held between Secretary-General of United Nations, António Guterres, President of Commission, Juncker, that of African Union, Moussa Faki Mahamat, and High Representative of The EU, Federica Mogherini, to discuss steps to jointly take against se criminal networks. The note and summit spoke in a generic way about se immigrant routes in Africa but emphasizing current drama in Libya.Volunteer returns
The agreement alludes to formation of a joint working Group to act in area, and very precisely in Libya, with aim of extending and accelerating ongoing work done by countries of origin, with European funds, and which has already allowed voluntary return of 1 3,000 migrants since January. The communiqué alludes to fact that it will act in accordance with local government of Libya, which is actually anor declaration of good intentions, and that efforts will be intensified to "dismantle traffickers and criminal networks, and to offer opportunities for Development and stability to countries of origin and transit, addressing root causes of migration.
The voluntary return programme of World Migration Organization (IOM) for those who agree to be repatriated on charter flights from Libya implies receiving health and psychosocial assistance, water, food, about 50 euros for transportation costs to ir and to be enrolled in work reintegration projects. This action by IOM and United Nations refugee Agency (UNHCR) has allowed return of se 13,000 migrants, but re are already 44,000 identified asylum seekers and strong conviction that this figure can increase much more.