Few were betting on Haider al-Abadi when in August 2014, just two months after Islamic State's lightning Offensive (ISIS), he was commissioned to form a government in Iraq. Three years later, however, he got what seemed impossible. It has reconstructed armed forces, cast out jihadists from regions from which y seized n, and, as a icing, has just recovered territories disputed with Kurdistan and that troops of that autonomous region controlled as a result of that chaos. The Iraqi prime minister is man of hour.Learn More
- Iraq looms with optimism
"Al-Abadi has managed to become a national leader," sums up a European ambassador. But applause does not come only from western chancelleries, desiring to close Iraqi dossier almost 15 years after demolition of Saddam Hussein precipitated country in abyss.
In this Iraq fractured by ethnic and sectarian lines that arose after 35 years of Baathist dictatorship, Al Abadi's work (a Shia Muslim) has generated an unusual consensus. "His way of doing things has helped to recover Mosul and Kirkuk." His policy conveys to Iraqis idea that he works for all. It has been a big difference with [Nuri] Al Maliki, "he concedes nothing less than Hamed al-Mutlaq, an influential member of Sunni bloc who just two years ago ranted against government sectarianism."
The comparison with his predecessor is constant. Although both belong to same party, Islamist Shia Dawa, widespread image is that "Al Maliki opened door to sectarianism and abbot has closed m." The need to leave divisions behind was especially urgent to recover Sunni community, which felt alienated by rise to power of Shia majority.
Training engineer, Al Abadi (Baghdad, 1952) was a doctor at University of Manchester, where he was actively involved in Dawa (banned in Iraq) until he entered his executive. That motivated Iraqi government to withdraw its passport in 1983. By n, two of his brors had been executed and a third in prison for belonging to that party. On his return in 2003, he participated in provisional Government and in 2006 he entered parliament. After 2014 elections, he was elected Vice-Chairman of Chamber. He barely practiced a month before he became prime Minister.
The ISIS controlled one-third of Iraq in face of disbanded flight of security forces; The humiliated Army oozed phantom soldiers, and Iraqi pride was on ground. Against all odds, and with enormous perseverance, that chaparrete and good-natured-looking man was going to succeed in remobilizing tens of thousands of uniforms with help of disparate allies such as Iran, Shia neighbor, and United States, who agreed to equip and train The troops.
With evident satisfaction, but always content, Al Abadi has been announcing one after anor successive successes of Iraqi army on ISIS. Changing suit and tie for uniform that identifies him as commander-in-chief of armed forces, he has harangued troops to instill encouragement. But above all, it has emphasized unity of all communities and appointed Sunni officials. At same time, it has limited excesses of Shi'a militias by placing Popular mobilization units (which also include some Sunni, Turkmen, and or minority groups) under ir splint.
"He is only man who can now unite us all," says Karim al Nuri, spokesman for BADR organization, party with largest militia.
The followers of Muqtada al-Sadr, one of most headache groups in Parliament, underline role of Chamber as a source of "orders that abbot has followed." However, Jumaah Albhadili, a former Sadrist and member of Integrity Committee, recognizes efforts of Prime Minister "in fight against corruption" and in improving economy. "It has made Iraq more palatable to or countries and that makes it easier for us to help now," he notes in reference to recent rapprochement with Saudi Arabia.
His soft style has also earned some criticisms. The satirical program show Albasheer has nicknamed SpongeBob, for popular cartoon. The joke was funny, according to his press office, which says a lot about his sense of humor. It will be necessary to maintain resilience to enormous challenges of reconstruction and return of displaced. Your solution depends on not reverting everything you've accomplished.