The three-banded flag, with coat of arms of royal family, has made a picnic with Catalan colours pinned all over windows and balconies. "For once!" growls Andrès. Accompanied by his wife, this Barcelonais complains that usually "someone who would walk with this flag would be immediately treated as a fascist". The insult reserved by pro-independence to those who do not share ir convictions, "fascists", was returned that day by demonstrators. In jumble of self-service banners that organizers propose to ir sympathizers, we find who say "No to referendums and fascist coups".Misunderstanding
Extremists, se barcelonas come with family or couple, sometimes in gangs for younger ones? There are, of course. Carlos, 20, is a member of "Traditional Carlist Communion" that is photographed with a red beret on his head. This legitimatist monarchist is not only for unity of country, but for re-establishment of a "Catholic Spain", which would abolish right to abortion and divorce. Around him, however, vast majority of demonstrators did not come with a radical program, far from it. What dominates is exasperation and misunderstanding.
Aurelia, for example, born in Catalonia fifty-eight years ago of relatives from south. We must wait until she has finished listening to religiously Mediterraneo, great Catalan singer Joan Manuel Serrat, to be able to speak to her.I learnt language for love for Catalonia, when it was banned in school, from time of Franco. At home, we were proud to live in most developed region of Spain. So, when y call me "fascist", I am indignant: it is opposite of what I have always defended. »
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All her adult life, she voted alternately right and left, based on principle that power corrupts. In a smile, she shows a sign that goes: "Bad governments divide peoples."
While in Tribune speakers speak of restoration of constitutional order and, for some, conclude ir speech by a vibrant "long live King!", Miriam Pey denounces nationalism. It is a "xenophobic and non-nineteenth century", says vice president of Societat Civil Catalana, raising voice to cover noise of helicopters that are overcrowding."We are free citizens, we have rights as well." We have been silenced in media and indoctrinated in schools for thirty years, it is time to go back to rule of law and dialogue. » Dominant History
This critique of teaching, dominated by Catalan language and history, is not only a discourse reserved for organizers: it comes back in all mouths.
That of Gloria, quarantine, who put her daughter in private to try to circumvent law according to which students do not receive more than two hours of instruction in Spanish per week. "No more than English," she lamented. Do you realize that? Spanish is treated as a foreign language. Juan's, a retired textile industry who lives in Rubi, a town of 78 000 inhabitants on outskirts of Barcelona: children are accustomed to living in a shrunken world. that of Javier, finally, who left Santander in coach at an hour and a half in morning to participate in event. According to him, "We tell anything in Catalan schools, we tamper with history, we reinvent it to glorify Catalan nationalism." And teachers, how are y? Lorenzo, José and Pablo, students of private lycée Sainte-Thérèse de Barcelona consult each or: "Overall, y are for independence."
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They all show concern, starting with fear of economic fragility. Like Juan, many of m have put ir economies in safety, far from Catalonia. "The pro-independence people say that we will be Swiss of sourn Europe," observes Pere, a computer scientist of 35 years, but it starts badly, if companies go away. "" Maria, his girlfriend, is Uruguayan and has lived in Barcelona for ten years. She does not speak Catalan, but has never felt discriminated against. "So far," she said, "It was rar quiet."
The couple stands at entrance of a convenience store, in an avenue close to Plaza de Catalunya. Suddenly, re were splinters of voices. A furious man comes out in vociferating: "Respect colors of Spain, you do not have right to insult us!" Inside store, manager shakes his head with a overwhelmed air: he just asked gentleman to be careful with his flag, which threatened to bring down biscuits from shelves.