Greet with a gentle gesture by taking your hand to your chest and slightly tilting your head. Ali Asghar Soltanieh (Tehran, 1950), a reputed Iranian scientist and exrepresentant of Persian country in International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) during time of Mahmud Ahmadinejad (2005-2013), receives country after four years by giving up appear in any international medium. "I'm not going to talk about any internal affairs in my country," he warns over and over while taking a seat in campus garden of Nebrija University, in heart of Madrid, where he has participated in a conference on nuclear disarmament. He knows that whole world awaits reactions of Tehran to constant threats of President of United States, Donald Trump to withdraw from international agreement that curbed Iran's nuclear program in 2015.Learn More
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"It would be a historic flaw [that America leaves pact] that will bring consequences," he warns. Iran has fulfilled letter pact, while world's first power, he says, has done nothing but "violate it from beginning" by imposing more sanctions on his country. The IAEA has repeatedly verified compliance with agreement by Iran and US imposed last round of sanctions this summer. Two years ago, US, Iran, and five or world powers (UK, France, Germany, Russia, and China) agreed to put an end to Iranian nuclear program — rar to suspend it for ten years — in exchange for lifting of harsh economic sanctions that led Decades of drowning more than 80 million citizens of ayatollahs ' regime.
Despite fact that this nuclear training physicist, and director of Iranian program during some of tense years in relationship between West and Iran, is absolutely hermetic in his responses, Soltanieh reveals some tranquility, perhaps Driven by a sense of superiority when it comes to talking about nuclear program: "Iran can go back [to its nuclear program] at same point it was very soon," he stresses as he clicks with his right hand and thumb fingers.
Soltanieh, who knows Iranian nuclear technology very well, ensures that all knowledge is in minds of experts and scientists. "We have been geniuses in developing this impressive technology despite economic sanctions (...)" We did it from scratch. So if [America] concludes with pact, we can go back to program, but always for peaceful purposes. "Peaceful!", sentence with forefinger high.
The main concern that Trump announces before 15 October withdrawal of country from nuclear agreement is destabilization — even greater — in Middle East and Persian Gulf, and "consequences" for international community. However, scientist is confident that or powers will isolate Trump in this endeavor. "The international community will press for US to respect international agreements that have been signed by international community itself."
At moment, France, United Kingdom, Russia and China are in favour of keeping agreement as it is. "It is tragic to see that only pact to prevent proliferation of nuclear weapons is at risk," lamented German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel, "What we need now more than ever is to progress." The French president, Emmanuel Macron, offered last month during UN General assembly to mediate between signatory powers and take one more step to reinforce it.
-Who loses if USA withdraws from agreement?
-America without a doubt. It is 100% isolated and will be condemned by entire international community for this historical error. That's what I can say.
Ali Asghar Soltanieh is an international consultant for disarmament and international security and was representative Ambassador of Republic of Iran to United Nations.Enlarge photo Ali Asghar Soltanieh, Iranian nuclear physicist, during his visit to Nebrija University of Madrid. For