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Key factors: The types of migrant centres proposed by the European Union

From "Transit centers to" landing platform. A review of what these facilities consist

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Key factors: The types of migrant centres proposed by the European Union

The political battle around migratory movements is rife with euphemisms and auntic linguistic contortion. In last five weeks, European leaders have presented four proposals to create centers for migrants with names that seem to be millimeter-designed to beautify what y really would be if y curdled: "Transit centres in Germany", " Landing platform in third countries "," controlled centres in Member States "and" return centres in third countries ". It is way to sound presentable proposals championed by politicians such as ultra-rightist Herbert Kikcl of Austria, xenophobic Matteo Renzi of Italy or conservative Horst Seehofer of Germany, to which ir governments have put in recent months to front Of immigration management through ministries of Interior y occupy. This Thursday y have held an informal meeting in Innsbruck with ir European counterparts.

But what will each of se centres do if y become established? Here's what you know:

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Landing platform in third countries

They would be a facility outside EU where rescued people would be transferred to sift and separate potential asylum seekers from economic immigrants (a distinction that makes law and controversial for some of experts). It is a proposal that leaders of twenty-eight asked Commission to explore at its summit on immigration on 28 June and that it should have "Collaboration of UNHCR and International Organization for Migration". The EU frames this initiative in ' need to eliminate incentive to embark on dangerous voyages '. His great Achilles heel is that three of candidate countries that all had in mind but no one in EU mentions, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco, have said through ir governments that y have no intention of hosting m in ir territory.

Controlled centres in Member States

It is anor initiative embodied in conclusions of European Council on migration. They would be in EU, and refore subject to ir laws and public scrutiny. Its role would also be to distinguish refugees (fleeing persecution and conflict) from economic immigrants (who seek a better life). The first would obtain international protection and, under " principle of solidarity", are supposed to be distributed among countries that want to receive m; The rest would be deported (which requires your country to accept m, which is not always case). The main problem is that proposal indicates that y are "voluntary" centres, that is to say, that countries will not be forced to open m. And for now, not a single government has been offered. The controlled denomination suggests that migrants would not be free to come and go as y pleased.

Return centers in third countries

It is an idea raised by Austria, with a coalition government between Conservatives and far-right who chairs EU this semester, informally on eve of immigration meeting this Thursday. These facilities "should be created in third countries that manage m with European standards and in compliance with European human rights legislation", proposal recollects. Being out of EU would be out of your legal protection. These centres are designed to intern people whose asylum petition is rejected by an EU country. They would be sent re as an intermediate step to be expelled to ir countries if possible; And if you cannot, that third country, and not EU, would be responsible for that person.

Transit centres in Germany

It is an idea of Seehofer that Chancellor Angela Merkel accepted in early June to settle órdago of her minister--leader of CSU, Bror Party of CDU of President--. They are designed to prevent people who have sought asylum in anor community country from entering and who intend to settle in Germany against what is stipulated in existing system, called Dublin system. Bavaria, state where CSU of Seehofer governs and which holds elections in autumn, is great German gateway. As far as it is known, y would be internment centres from which migrants could not leave (although crossing an EU border irregularly is not a crime, but infraction) while German authorities find out if y have asked for asylum before. Germany's appeal and free movement lead to thousands of people who are processing or receiving asylum in or European countries. Berlin tried to return 64,267 refugees to or EU countries but only 15% were accepted. The weak point of Seehofer's plan is that Italy, where much of this group comes from, does not accept se returns for now.

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