The Allied forces of United States that have just captured Raqa, former de facto capital of Islamic State in Syria, went ahead this Sunday to troops of regime of Damascus by seizing oil field of Al Omar, largest in Arab country, after being Abandoned by jihadists in province of Deir Ezzor. The announcement by Syrian Democratic Forces (FDS), an opposition alliance dominated by Kurdish militias, was confirmed by Syrian Observatory of Human Rights, an NGO that has a network of informers on ground. The advance marks a turn in final battle against caliphate on eastern border with Iraq.
Al Omar's wells came to produce 30,000 barrels of crude daily before Syrian conflict erupted in March 2011. The sale of hydrocarbons became from 2014 in one of main sources of income of ISIS, which raised up to five million dollars per month until aerial bombardments of international coalition led by Washington razed Site.
The rapid progression of Kurdish-Arabic Alliance FDS downstream of Euphrates River has been supported by international coalition from Air and by special American forces on ground. Their militias have been stationed just three kilometres from loyal army lines to President Bashar al-Assad, which is supported by Russian warplanes and integrates in ir ranks Iranian-protected Shi'a militias.
So far, offensive against Islamic State of People's Protection Units (YPG, in its Kurdish acronyms) and its Sunni Arab partners has been developed on eastern bank of Euphrates, while regime forces have focused ir progress on West Bank. Although US and Russia have contact mechanisms to prevent unwanted clashes from ir respective partners, incidents between two sides have occurred in norastern Syria.
In margin of small redoubts in Center (Homs) and West (Deraa) of Syria, jihadists are being cornered in desert line of separation with Iraq in valley of Euphrates. His combatants — fled after fall of Raqa or expelled by army of 90% of districts of Deir Ezzor — are regrouped around city of Abu Kamal, near border.
Caught between two fires, militiamen of Islamic State took advantage of this Sunday ir retracting of oil field of Al Omar to launch a counter-attack on troops of regime in Mayadín, 10 kilometers to souast. The Observatory found progress of jihadists in vicinity of that city, which had been taken from m on 15th.
The accelerated disbandment of ISIS after its defeat in Raqa is forcing a change of strategy of Kurdish militias to maximize territorial conquests. The FDS seek to negotiate from a position of force with Damascus recognition of its self-government at end of war. Despite being considered insurgents, units of protection of people have scarcely entered into conflict with government troops.
The overturn suffered by Peshmergas in neighbouring Iraqi Kurdistan seems to condition also steps of Party of Democratic Unity (PYD), political arm of Syrian units. Consummating US withdrawal on front of Mosul, Baghdad army has forced Kurds of norrn Iraq to retreat into controlled territories — such as Kirkuk, a region rich in oil — without an undeniable majority of population. The Euphrates valley is a Sunni region.