"Jerusalem is and will be eternally capital of Palestinian state." There will be no peace or stability in region or world if it is not, said president of Palestinian National Authority (ANP), Mahmoud Abbas, during summit of Organization that brings toger countries whose population is mostly Muslim. "There is no doubt that se unilateral [US] measures espolearán extremist groups to transform a political conflict into a religious one, something against which we have always warned," added veteran Palestinian leader.
The meeting, convened as an extraordinary summit for urgency of moment, served to approve a document whereby Member States "declare East Jerusalem as capital of State of Palestine" and urge rest of countries of world to do Own. Despite symbolic gesture- administrative institutions of ANP are in Ramallah-this declaration represents an important step for Palestinian aspirations to be OIC a prominent international organization composed of 57 member States that They represent more than 1.6 billion people.Learn More
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Moreover, according to host, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, with this step will begin "a mobilization of all Muslims on a global scale to defend Palestinian cause" and urge all countries of world to "recognize Palestine as a State" Based on borders of 1967, limits recognized by UN but ignored by Israeli government. In this regard, Abbas announced that he will move a petition to Security Council and UN General assembly to recognize his country as a full-fledged member. The Palestinian president also announced that he no longer feels attached to Oslo accords or to ors subsequently signed with Israel, which assumed ANP's recognition as West Bank and Gaza administration and laid foundation for his collaboration with Hebrew government. "The continuation of violations and colonial practices of Israel, especially in Jerusalem, exempt us from agreements signed with m, because we cannot continue to be authority if we have no authority [over territory]," said Abbas.Turkey seeks to increase regional influence
Since in 2008 Israel operation of molten lead against Gaza began, in which hundreds of civilians were killed, rifts between Israeli government and Ankara have only increased until y reached point of clash during Israeli attack on Freedom Flotilla. The military ties-once narrow-have been reduced to zero and politicians at very low levels. Only mutual commercial interests have impeded break of diplomatic relations.
But re is anor reason behind closed Palestine defense that Ankara makes: After years when its international influence has waned due to its diplomatic swings, Turkey wants to "become a regional leader," says Oytun Orhan, of think-tank ORSAM: "Ankara "He knows that Palestinian me touches sensibilities of Arab street and as he can no longer influence it through or issues because of political situation, he uses this issue." It already worked for Erdogan when he sang forty to Simon Peres at Davos summit and was n greeted as a hero in Arab capitals.
Although practically all of Arab countries and those of a majority of Muslim population had already condemned controversial decision of US President Donald Trump, none had passed to facts. Instead, executive of Turkey--a non-Arab country, which is officially a secular state and maintains important economic ties with Israel--had been much more combative, threatening to sever diplomatic relations with Hebrew State and Driving a high-level meeting of OIC. A meeting in which many states such as Iran, Qatar, Jordan, Lebanon, Afghanistan, Sudan or Indonesia were represented by ir heads of State or Government. Even Venezuelan Nicolás Maduro attended, as president of turn of Non-Aligned Movement, who is an observer member of OIC. Or states such as Egypt, United Arab Emirates or Morocco sent ir foreign ministers and, instead, Saudi Arabia attended ir Minister of religious Affairs. "Some countries like Saudi Arabia or Emirates do not want a strong position on Palestinian issue so as not to jeopardize ir good relations with current US administration," explained Wadah Khanfar, president of Sharq Forum riyal in Statements to country: "But this can be very destructive in long run."
These divisions in Islamic orb, owing to particular escalation of war between Iran and Saudi Arabia for primacy in Middle East and alignment of each government in that conflict, augured a lack of agreement in Istanbul. But Palestinian cause and status of Jerusalem- third holy city for Islam after Mecca and Medina-have once again demonstrated its unifying capacity. The repudiation of America's stance was "unanimous," according to OIC General Secretary, Yusef bin Ahmad Al-Othaimeen, as well as rejection of US as a mediator in Israeli-Palestinian conflict, one more example of Washington's progressive loss of influence in Middle East. "America cannot already be an honest mediator" because of its "biased attitude" in favor of Israel, Abbas sentenced.