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New arrivals, young and more vulnerable

In the last two years many sub-saharan have left Algeria to Europe. The new lack a community network to cope with the difficulties

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New arrivals, young and more vulnerable

In photo, three pose near a beautiful fountain in center of a garden. Désirée, Hélène and Grace are already in Italy and tell it in ir social networks. These Cameroonian survived between two and six years in Algeria, in same neighborhood. "Most of people we met in neighborhood are already in Europe," says Josiane, one of her Cameroonian friends, who asks to remain anonymous. For two years, Libya's route "passes". Immigrants settled in Algeria who wanted to go to Europe, for most part, have succeeded. To those who doubted, photos published by his friends have ended up convincing m.

Algiers, Western periphery. Luc, a Cameroonian, has made a hole in his house. A cousin of your partner has to arrive throughout day, with his 10-year-old son. "He has a family in France who spent previous year," explains young man. A teenager, sitting on edge of a mattress, looks at his mobile phone videos of demonstrations in Cameroon speaking. "I have come to cross sea," he says. "There will be better for me, school is better." His far, established in Europe for a year, after having spent several in Algeria, paid trip to make it out of Douala. The kid came alone six months ago. He had to follow Libyan route, but fighting in Sabratha suspended exits. Luc sums it up like this: "The veterans are gone." And young men arrive. "As you can no longer leave, wait here."

Social networks and Internet are great distraction for stranded and unemployed immigrants in Algeria. Bachir

Algiers, sourn periphery. Some mattresses cover pavements of a series of buildings. A group of young people dye ir hair. They come from Guinea Conakry. "I arrived three months ago," explains first. Today, none of m have found a job, so y wait. "I didn't know it would be hard to work in Algeria," says Mohamed, who claims to be 17. Every morning, re are dozens of people like him stationed on road, waiting for a particular to come and offer m a job for days. But without a community network and not knowing a word of Arabic, se immigrants are in a more precarious situation than ir predecessors. Mohamed and his friends are sleeping on street. "Are re associations that can help us?" asks one of m. "Do you know how I can get back to my house?" "I'm tired," adds anor. "There are more and more Guineans in Algiers," said Kader, a Ivorian installed in Algeria for six years. "They do not know country and react very badly as an Algerian speaks ill or insults m." "That ends in a fight and re are casualties."

This article is part of a series made by Politiken, Der Spiegel, Le Monde, La Stampa, Guardian and EL PAÍS. A trip that passes through Spain, Morocco, Libya, Gambia, Algeria and Greece. Read all reports gt; gt;

Precarity also affects women. In city of Oran, 400 kilometres west of Algiers, Adamo, a Cameroonian, has an appointment at hospital. Walk from one side to or in front of wall of enclosure, trying to explain on phone where it is. A young woman, slender and with a rounded belly, meets finally with him. "He came from Tamanrasset a few days ago." She is five months pregnant, and has not seen any doctors since onset of her pregnancy, explains Adamo. The young lady was staying at anor immigrant's house. He shared a few square feet, under a sheet metal roof, with three or people, without leaving. "Women need time to get to know city, to learn to move." Those who have just arrived are very vulnerable to those who take longer, who try to scare m to control m better, ' sighs Adamo.

In city, few associations that work with immigrants know that y risk losing impact if y do not revive awareness work y thought y had already done. "We worked with about fifteen women and y were all gone," explains a militant who asks to remain anonymous. At same time, presence of Niger immigrants, organized in a begging network in great cities of country, has sensitized a part of public opinion. A student group organized a solidarity meal during Ramadan and singer Sadek Bouzinou has made a video clip to make an appeal to tolerance.

A building in works in Árgel. The managers are usually Turks or Chinese; The workmen, Malians, Cameroonians or of Ivory Coast. Bachir

But se initiatives, which are limited, have little impact on daily life of immigrant population. And for a few weeks, surge of detentions initiated in Algerian capital has made environment tense. "I know an immigrant who was arrested on bus when he went to work in morning." My neighbor was arrested when she left hospital with her newborn. "Arrests scare me, so I told my wife not to come out," says Amara, a Liberian who has lived in Algeria for two years. The security forces have arrested more than 1,200 immigrants since month of September. After y stop m, y send m to Tamanrasset and n expel m to Niger. Two friends of Amara were arrested when y were working on a play. He sighs: "I chose Algeria to be able to work." Here I earn a better life as a laborer in construction than as a wage earner in my country. "That's why I clench my teeth and wait for it to happen."

* Translation of News Clips.

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