Russia's president, Vladimir Putin, inaugurated on Monday afternoon in Moscow so-called "wall of pain," a memorial dedicated to victims of political repression in USSR. The memorial, selected by contest, is largest state-supported project, which runs in memory of those who perished in waves of terror after Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. From this historical event, on which Russians have not yet reached a consensus, a century is fulfilled on November 7th. "These crimes cannot be justified," Putin said at ceremony. The opening of memorial is, for Russian president, "especially current in year of centenary of revolution."Learn More
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"I hope that this date will be understood by our society as a motive for passing a page on dramatic events that divided country and people, and that will be a symbol of overcoming this division, a symbol of mutual forgiveness and history of our countries" "S is accepted as it is, with its great victories and its tragic pages," said head of state. Putin thus spoke to members of Human Rights Council, a consultative body attached to presidency, which has played a key role in implementation of monument.
On board a bus and in company of members of Council, Putin headed from Kremlin to intersection of Sakharov Avenue with circular ring, place where memorial is raised, work of sculptor Gueorgui Frangulian financed by companies, individuals and also By public administration.
The inauguration of a national monument to victims of terror was an idea expressed by communist leader Nikita Khrushchev in 1961, which Memorial association, dedicated to keeping alive historical memory, rescued in last years of USSR. Putin gave him form in September 2015 when he signed decree to build monument. A total of 170 stones from various concentration camps of Gulag, from Solovki to Kolimá, have been used in preparation of sculptural ensemble, which occupies more than 5000 square meters around a bronze wall with a bas-relief in form of Tormented human bodies, where you can read word "Remember" in several languages.
Putin pointed out in ceremony that repression had caused death and suffering of millions of people, and that, "to understand" it is sufficient to visit polygon of Bútovo [place of executions on outskirts of Moscow] and or collective graves of victims of "Repression, of which re are many in Russia." "The repression did not sympathize with talent, nor of merits before farland, nor of sincere surrender to it." "Anyone could make accusations invented and absolutely absurd," said head of state, who was accompanied by Patriarch of Russian Orthodox Church, Kiril. "This horrible past cannot be eliminated from national memory." "And much less justify in name of a supremely good assumption of people," he said. To ceremony also attended Natalia Solzhenitsyn, widow of writer Alexandr Solzhenitsyn, whose work is testimony of Stalinist repression, and also survivors of terror. This year also marks 80 anniversary of campaign of "Great Terror" unleashed by Stalin, whose balance, according to estimates of historians, were about 700,000 dead and millions of reprisals. Putin said repression had been "a tragedy for whole people" whose consequences y feel until today.
Although president spoke of "passing page" on tragedy of repression, it is necessary to wonder to what extent and how intensely repressive habits of past are prolonged until today. In Russia, day of victims of political repression is commemorated on 30 October. On this occasion, on eve of October 29th, Memorial organization organized for eleventh consecutive year "The return of names", an act in which citizens read aloud names of reprisals and a brief information about m. Thousands of citizens came to remember lives arbitrarily mowed to square of Lubyanka, where is seat of FSB (Federal Security Service), next to stone coming from concentration camp of Solovki. The FSB is heir to KGB of USSR, which in turn was heir to NKVD, body charged with executing terror, but whose members were also victims of terror y practiced. At event, names of people currently in prison also sounded and that human rights groups such as Memorial are considered political prisoners.
Of arbitrary attitudes of judges, police and politicians in administration complained to Putin members of Human Rights Council yesterday and among facts y denounced included repeated refusals throughout Russia's geography to allow Demonstrations of opposition and also refusals of courts to accept as proof of irregularities in elections video tapes officially installed in electoral colleges.