From historic peak of 336,000 reached at end of June of 2016, net immigration – number of people arriving less those who go-fell to 230,000 in June of 2017. Three-quarters of that fall of 106,000, largest since 1964, corresponds to EU citizens. The number of those that has left UK in year following 23 June 2016 referendum has grown 29% to 123,000, largest European emigration in UK since Great Recession of 2008.
Still more are citizens of Europe who come to live in United Kingdom (230,000) than those who go (123,000). But number of first fell in 54,000 and that of second rose in 28,000, which puts net immigration of EU at its lowest level since 2013. And, while number of people who come to a given job remains stable, number of people who come to look for work has dropped by 43%.
"The changes suggest that Brexit is likely to be a factor in people's decision to come or go from UK, but decisions to migrate are complex and or factors will also influence numbers," explains Nicola White of National Office of Statistics. Among se or factors would be decline in economic growth in UK, best performance in eurozone, and fall of pound. Net migration from outside EU, which requires a visa, also fell from 196,000 to 173,000 and remains substantially higher than European one.
The net immigration figure is still far from Prime Minister Theresa May's commitment, which she promised to leave her below 100,000, a value she hasn't lowered since 1998. The promise, formulated for first time in 2010 by its predecessor, David Cameron, seeks to comfort British concerned about supposed pressure of migration in public services. Critics with executive argue that pressure on health and education proceeds rar from cuts in funding due to austerity and spending restraint policies starring conservative governments after Great Recession.
The willingness to reduce immigration, experts agree, was one of main drivers of vote to leave European Union. But several studies have revealed that European immigration, only one to which Brexit will affect, is a net contributor to public coffers.
The Secretary of State for Immigration, Brandon Lewis, from his Twitter account, has emphasized that increase in proportion of people arriving with a confirmed job emphasizes "that system meets needs of companies in UK."
"Whatever views on impact of immigration, it cannot be good news that United Kingdom is a less attractive place to live and work and that we will be poorer as a result," says Jonathan Portes, professor at Kings College.