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April 30th, 2019. This is date in which current Japanese emperor, Akihito, will abdicate from Chrysanmum throne after three decades in charge of head of State. The countdown begins for Japanese sovereign, who more than a year ago publicly showed his will to move away from power due to his advanced age, 83 years. A day later, his son and Crown prince, Naruhito, will ascend to throne and begin a new era of this millenary dynasty.
The date was announced by Japan's prime minister, Shinzo Abe, after a meeting of Council of Imperial House, consisting of ten members of Government, representatives of high judicial organs and members of imperial family itself. "The government will do everything possible to allow Japanese people to celebrate abdication of emperor and succession of crown prince," said Abe, who declared himself "deeply moved" by decision, reports AFP.
In an exceptional televised message in August last year, Akihito made public his concern that "someday" he could not cope with his responsibilities as head of State. "There are times when I feel several limitations because of my physical condition," he said n. The emperor, who when he yields throne will be 85 years old, was operated with prostate cancer in 2003 and underwent a coronary bypass in 2012. The rules governing Japanese Imperial house, however, do not allow emperor to renounce throne and only contemplate succession after his death.
Following his message, Nippon government began working on a bill to facilitate abdication, a text that Parliament approved six months ago and which gave a three-year margin to carry out transfer of powers. The rule pertains exclusively to current emperor and, if calendar is maintained, Japan will live in April 2019, first succession in life of an emperor in 200 years.
According to Kyodo agency, Japanese Government had suggested first to establish date of abdication at end of December 2018, but its proposal was rejected by Imperial house because it coincided with or important year-end events. Nor did he want to fix it around March 2019 because of possibility of coinciding with call for local and regional elections.
The age of Akihito began in 1989 after death of his far, Hirohito. He was first sovereign to ascend to throne without Divine Halo enjoyed by his predecessors. The current Japanese constitution, drafted and approved after end of World War II, defines emperor as a "symbol of state and unity of nation," him direct political power that Meiji Constitution granted to this figure.
During his almost thirty years as emperor, Akihito has defended in his travels and speeches his commitment to pacifism, a principle consecrated in Japanese Magna Carta. It has also contributed to reconciliation in East Asia, where wounds stemming from atrocities committed by Japanese army during war continued-and continue-to simmer in countries like China or South Korea. His figure is widely admired in Japan, where most citizens support his desire to give throne to his son.
The Crown Prince Naruhito, of 57 years, will be from May 1 126 º Japanese emperor. As in country governs law salic and Women of imperial family lose ir condition once y marry a plebeian, line Successoria will be formed only by bror of next emperor, Fumihito, of 52 years, and son of latter , Hisahito, 11 years old.