Charlotte Jakobi-von Müller, she goes to job fairs like someone who goes hunting on savanna in search of an endangered species. He is head of human resources of municipal transport company of Munich and is desperately seeking workers. They lack 200 drivers who speak German and are willing to collect 2.580 euros gross. Jakobi-von Müller is well aware that competition for labor in Bavaria is fierce. In inbox of your mailbox is not crowded any curriculum. It is she who has to go out to street to search for candidates. “No one here looking for a job because y all have. It is very difficult to find workers.” Its mission, he explains, is to force very creative. One morning he ordered to cover saddles of hundreds of thousands of bicycles parked in street with a lining in that read: “we need You”. Anor of his creations is a video in which a driver so happy that it is behind wheel of his bus. But in dozen job fairs that are held every year in Munich is where it really plays.
The lack of qualified labor in certain sectors is a problem that affects all of Germany, a country in which economy grows, while demographic pyramid gets older. Never before since reunification of germany, unemployment had been so low – 5.8 per cent – in a labour market that is in full expansion. Next to lights, build up shadows. The differences between East and west, also in employment are still strong. The temporary employment and low wages of millions of germans who work with controversial minijobs are worrying. Even so, vast majority of germans safe in surveys live in a time of boom that has a lot to do with access to work. Chancellor Angela Merkel, considered by many German architect of this era of well-being, aspires to a fourth term within a week. All polls agree that it will be achieved.
“no one Here looking for work because y all have", says a head of human resources
An international economic climate favourable, and drums of labour reforms implemented by Gerhard Schroeder, are in view of many experts, some of calves of success of German labour and at same time cause of its weaknesses. The demand for qualified workers is one of collateral damage of German growth. In August, German government approved a plan to remedy this deficit, according to estimates with working of Government, Germany will need three million skilled workers by 2030.
In buoyant Bavaria, with a 3.2% unemployment, shortage of workers is especially acute. According to predictions of chamber of commerce bavarian, you now need to 230,000 workers. And double to 2030. Therefore, this federal State has become a kind of laboratory of human resources.
The competition between employers is ruthless. Provide schedules ultraflexibles and all kinds of measures of conciliation to mors to encourage m to leave a half-day or long maternity leave is only a starting point. There are companies that give away free bonus gym to ir workers or a car. We also offer travel and leisure activities with co-workers, or help to find a house at a good price. Or employers are trying to convince seniors to stay in ir jobs beyond age of retirement.
“For our entrepreneurs, number one problem is lack of skilled workers”, says Robert Obermeier, head economist at Chamber of Commerce and Industry for Munich and upper Bavaria. A recent survey of your institution reflects that 55% of entrepreneurs surveyed believed that lack of qualified labor is main business risk faced. “Each year, it is more difficult and problem will only get worse because demographic picture is not going to improve,” says Obermeier. This expert explains that on one hand each year, leaving less children in schools and also, increasingly opting to go to university and less by famed German vocational education and training. Obermeier ensures that missing accountants, secretaries, technicians, media, almost everything. Recently re was a lack, for example, 100 lifeguards for city pools.In Bavaria, headquarters of many large companies such as Siemens, BMW, Allianz or Audi and also that's why competition is huge.
to Think that arrival of more than a million refugees in last two years will help alleviate problem it is not realistic at least in short and medium term. Learning language takes time and requires that profiles that arrive are compatible with offer, agree analysts. For moment, only around 10% of arrivals from 2015 you have a job, according to official figures. In addition, those jobs, often in hospitality industry or construction does not solve situation in many or sectors.expand photo Shannon Davila and David Round, nurses spaniards in Great Hospital of Munich. Joerg Koch
For a young Spanish count, head of human resources and economist of chamber of commerce might seem like a bad joke, but Stephanie Davila (35) and David Round (31) it is well know that is a reality. The two work of nurses in great hospital of Munich. In Spain, she chain contracts and 24 hour replacements on a vacation, when y came out. “But I got tired of so many contracts. I heard that re was a German course that you payed with your first salary and I signed up”. He now works in Munich and ensures that your experience is very good. “Here you have stability and quality of life.”
Round has that after signing up to all employment exchanges of Spanish autonomous communities, in a year and a half not called anyone. Here, he says, speaking well German, re is plenty of work. “I pointed out with finger where I want to work and I'm going. Here we are very well valued”. Alfred Holderied, his boss at front of department of nursing of hospital, snaps: “The spaniards are very well formed".
Missing accountants, secretaries, technicians, media, almost anything, say from Chamber of Commerce and Industry for Munich and upper Bavaria
Although not all of experiences of workers who have come out are so successful. Many young people end up becoming because y do not fit or yearn for ir country. Corroborating Michael Holzinger, who owns a luxury hotel resort in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, sourn Bavaria and has been said by lord to a few Spanish that "missing your mor and your far."
Holderied, head of nursing does not desist. Make expeditions periodic to Spain to recruit nurses. Has brought already to 54 workers to Munich. Italy, Philippines or China are or countries to which she has traveled in search of registered nurses for a department that seems to be UN. There are employees of Croatia, Bosnia, Turkey... “The germans are getting older and someone has to attend to m in hospitals. But young germans prefer to work on or things. We have a problem very fat.” He explains that now y have 100 vacancies, and that re are beds that can't be used because re are no staff to service m. In hospital, offer in-house training and flexible hours for parents with young children. Can choose to work from 3.5 hours per week up to 40. Even so, Holderied is sentenced to kicking some world in search of nurses. “Politicians know well problem but does not offer concrete solutions. They say that, yes, re is that make attractive profession, but...”.‘Minijobs’ and long-term unemployed people
Not all are neon lights in labour market German. Despite good figures, Sabine Klinger, of Institute for research in labour market (IAB) warns that “re are structural problems that become more and more visible precisely when low unemployment”. Explains for example that demand for labour does not just fit with skills of available workforce and ensures that a third of unemployed are long-term (over twelve months). Also speaks of gender pay gap has improved slightly since 2010, although highest salaries and lowest, are far from converging. Part-time work and temporary employment are or weak points of system. Up to 6.5 million people work with minijobs, a type of part time contract with a maximum salary of 450 euros.
The German market must also adapt to a changing demographics. The population is ageing at same time incorporate hundreds of thousands of foreigners. “On one hand re is that provide more flexibility to older workers to stay longer in ir job and at same time we make a big effort to educate migrants,” says Klinger.
This article is part of 'The Germany that votes', a series of five articles that draw a portrait of political, economic and social of european power in days leading up to general election next September 24.