The tragicomedy of Brexit is officially routed to its second season, but that does not mean that it has concluded first. The European Parliament, with a right of veto over final pact, supports transcendent divorce agreement that was reached last week by Brussels and London, but warns that key issues remain to be resolved. The tutelage of community justice on European citizens living on British soil and ultimate guarantee that re will be no rigid border between Ireland and its neighboring Norrn Ireland, which belongs to United Kingdom, focus those concerns.
The British Government is about to achieve its first approved in tortuous process of Brexit. After six months of negotiation, Brussels and London last Friday stitched details of divorce. The Heads of State and Government of EU will ratify m next Friday, with a statement of sufficient progress that will mark transition from first to second phase of discussion. And European Parliament shares analysis, but with an important caveat: re are pending matters that must be resolved before abandonment of United Kingdom (March 2019). If ambiguity is not clarified, Parliament "reserves all right" to approve or not final text.
The warning is contained in a resolution that institution plans to approve this Wednesday. The draft, to which country has had access, lists five diffuse elements of text agreed between President of European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, and British Prime Minister, Theresa May. Although opinion of Parliament is not binding at this stage of process — it can only approve or reject definitive text of rupture — European negotiator, Michel Barnier, keeps MEPs involved throughout journey to secure that support.Five unknowns of divorce
future couples. The outlined agreement guarantees that y will be able to stay in United Kingdom, with same rights, stable pairs of European or British citizens (whatever ir nationality), even if y are not in country, and ir future children. But it does not extend right to future couples. Thus, if a Spanish with full rights in United Kingdom marries a Romanian after Brexit, this will have no special protection.
free procedures. The administrative procedures to guarantee rights must be free.
European Court. The decisions of this institution must be binding on citizens affected by Brexit.
free circulation. The British who remain in rest of EU will be able to circulate freely throughout club.
Ireland. Legal guarantees that re will be no physical frontier.
The resolution has guaranteed support because it is born with approval of almost all political forces: popular, socialist, liberal, Green and minority left. Almost all of its cuites allude to area of which Parliament has wanted to make a flag: protection of 3.3 million of Community citizens living in United Kingdom and 1.2 million of British residents in anor EU country. The legislative chamber demands that equalization of rights with British also affect future couples of Europeans living in UK (not just future children), calls for entire administrative process to shield that status from being free and advocates To reinforce binding nature of decisions of EU Court of Justice, which is now highest decision-making place in 28 Community countries, but which will lose its guardianship over United Kingdom once European family is abandoned.
The Parliament also puts magnifying glass on most ambiguous — and delicate — issue of pact reached on Friday. MEPs want to ensure that " commitments made in respect of Norrn Ireland with Ireland are fully enforceable by law." That is to say, ensure that re will truly be no physical frontier between two territories (violence shook Ulster up to 1998), although it is necessary for London to take full responsibility for European legislation.
"These elements must be addressed in final withdrawal agreement." It will be essential for us to be able to give our consent, President of Committee in charge of Brexit in Parliament, Guy Verhofstadt, warned last Friday. Or members of that group were even more explicit. "We have not reached a solution;" "We can simply say that re is sufficient progress," said Elmar Brok, German MEP of European People's Party. Gabriele Zimmer, also German but of minority left, added: "There is no automatism in next phase;" "We don't know if we'll be successful at end."Change of chromium
Beyond diagnosis of divorce, Parliament is already on basis of future relationship, which EU summit will also address on Friday. MEPs emphasize a message already moved by Council at beginning of process: that it will not accept a change of chromium between free trade with Europe that craves United Kingdom and Security cooperation it offers — tacitly — as a counterpart. "There will be no choice to letter;" There must be a balance between rights and obligations, "warned Italian Social Democrat Roberto Gualtieri, also a member of parliamentary committee for Brexit.