The leadership of party has proposed to Andrea Nahles, a policy experienced and respected in party and by bases, to replace Martin Schulz, fallen in disgrace following negotiations of agreement of large coalition with conservative block of Angela Merkel. The SPD Congress, which will meet in April in Wiesbaden, must still approve management proposal. "With Nahles at forefront, SPD will regain its strength from past," Schulz said in his last speech as a leader, formally presenting his resignation.
With this appointment, German social democracy tries to put order in its ranks, in full internal crisis and popularity and at a very delicate time. In two weeks, 460,000 militants of SPD will decide if Germany is finally going to have government after four months of political blockade in a consultation on grand coalition agreement.
Nahles has been a key figure in negotiating government Alliance and its leadership is considered crucial with a view to consultation. It is attributed to party Congress to give a green light to grand coalition project, thanks to a very convincing speech, which analysts concluded by tilting scales and achieving 56% of support of delegates. "I will campaign [for Great Coalition] and do everything I can to get it through," he told press after he met his nomination. "The coalition agreement is something to be proud of. It fulfils crucial social democratic promises. "
If you get approval from SPD Congress, Nahles will be able to put toger pieces of a broken party and in search of a new identity. Trümmerfrau, German press calls se days in allusion to well-known women of rubble, who after war cleaned and rebuilt bombarded cities.
The election of Nahles, 47 years old and Minister of Labor, was however, surrounded by controversy and opened a new gap in a divided party. Everything was prepared on Tuesday for a clean and fast succession, according to which candidate would interimly assume leadership from now on, following formal resignation of Schulz. But on Tuesday, in a matter of hours, voices that opposed that scheme of succession multiplied. The problem was not Nahles, but appointment by finger, even if it were only in an interim way, that critical delegations feared that it could fall badly between an militancy increasingly estranged from its leaders.
The party's statutes stipulate that one of six Vice-Chairpersons must replace president if necessary. It was remembered on Tuesday by SPD jurist, Harald Baumann-Hasske, who was opposed to interim designation of Nahles. "This is not foreseen in our statutes," said de a Die Welt. Never before, someone who was not a vice president had tentatively directed party. Also y protested against automatic designation of Nahles SPD in states of Berlin, Schwelig-Holstein and Saxony Anhalt. Simone Lange, mayor of Flensburg, almost on border with Denmark, also presented an alternative candidacy to that of Nahles. In end, it will be Olaf Scholz, mayor of Hamburg and one of SPD barons, head of party to April Congress, in which new leader will be formally elected.
Technicalities apart, day lived on Tuesday in SPD reflects umpteenth dilemma in which SPD is. On one hand, it needs a president immediately, able to lead campaign in favor of great coalition in coming weeks and until March 2, when deadline for voting is over. To convince m that it is worth a big coalition like previous two, which have cost m a sangria of votes.
But on or, finger designation, however provisional it was, ran risk of feeding discomfort between some bases, which feel that elite of party cooks big business with militants ' backs. At juncture of consultation of bases it is added opportunism of regional middle tables that smell generational change that is coming and that head appears eager to participate in new distribution.Collapse in surveys
The withdrawal and fall in disgrace of Martin Schulz, has been culmination of a decline that crystallized in elections of September, to achieve SPD its worst result in history of modern Germany (20.5% of vote). Schulz, who a year ago seemed able to take SPD to chancellery, deflated with passing of months and to blow of errors of political calculation, until Descalabrar to party, as consistently reflected polls.
The last sounding of INSA for Bild situates SPD in a new historical minimum, with 16.5% of voting intention and surpassing only by a point and a half to extreme right (AFD). Never parties of Great Coalition had been so unpopular. Toger y add up to 46% support, in an electorate that presents an unprecedented fragmentation