America and Europe collide with defence policy. The US demand for European countries to spend more on ir security adds a new battle: arms purchases. Washington will recite plans for military integration in EU for losses it may cause to its industry. Those suspicions have already been in alliance. "We must avoid creating new barriers within NATO," he slid on Tuesday, his most responsible, Jens Stoltenberg.
The debate is raised in an abstract way, but concern is very concrete. The EU's policy of military integration, one of major projects of Community club in post-Brexit era, provides a fundamental incentive for States to cooperate in a hirto taboo area. This is European Defence Fund, which Community budget will nurture each year by about 1 billion euros to develop common equipment and or 500 million for military research. The objective is that States contribute in turn 4 billion annuals to end up destining more than 5,000 each year to this policy, considered priority.
To access fund, companies that lead projects have to be European. With this same logic, cooperation with third States will be "exceptional", linked to specific projects and provided that it contributes added value to EU.
When Washington has read small print of plan, adopted at end of 2017, it has arouseded by potential losses for its industry. "We do not want this to be an EU protectionist vehicle. Let's look at it carefully. We want Europeans to have ir military capabilities, but not to exclude American products, "he openly exposed US ambassador to NATO, Kay Bailey.
The United States is leading export of weapons in world. Only this country is responsible for one third of all arms sales, according to data compiled by SIPRI Defense Institute. Although up to 2014 Europe had been reducing its arms purchases by greatest sense of global security and austerity policies for years, much of investments still have an American material object. Italy, United Kingdom and Finland are on list of 20 most material countries acquired annually from Washington. And now that defense spending is growing again because of increase in insecurity, America does not want to lose some of cake.
Although initially NATO was favorable to European project, Donald Trump's administration now fears that reinforcement of military capabilities in EU will subtract business — and influence — from United States. Concern already pervades Nato's discourse. The alliance's defence ministers will address this issue at meeting held on Wednesday in Brussels. "European defence efforts must be complementary to those of NATO. They should not be understood as alternatives, "he warned at Stoltenberg press conference, which he had at or times been enthusiastic about European coordination in defence. The High Representative for European foreign policy, Federica Mogherini, will attend dinner with her NATO colleagues. Diplomatic sources are confident that this is a good time to explain that Community policies "will not be problematic for alliance."
Washington has already started pressuring European capitals to allow American companies to participate in se projects financed by European money. The scheme does not work in reverse; The development of military capacities in United States is reserved for companies of country.Increased spending
Paradoxically, Trump's insistence on raising military spending in NATO's European countries to 2% of GDP has accelerated European cooperation, as well as an attempt to revive its industry. And that can turn against Washington if EU firms gain market share. The battle is assured. Because Europe is largely dependent on US military protection, and Trump has already wielded that argument to try to make a profit.
For time being, both U.S. and Stoltenberg representatives will continue to insist on increased spending — it grew by 5% year-in-2017 — as a priority message to European allies. Spain and or countries argue that budget cannot be only criterion and emphasize importance of contributing to military missions, an area in which Spain is very active.